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Dežbâr (Falak-ol-Aflak) Castle, A Reminder of Ancient Civilization




21 September 2005



By Farzaneh Shokri- In the midst of the high Zagros Mountains a majestic fortress, which may be considered as significant as Arg-e Bam, stands tall to serve as a reminder of an ancient Iranian civilization dating back to thousands of years.
Unlike all other Iranian forts, which are located away from cities and in difficult mountainous terrain, Falak-ol-Aflak Fortress is situated on a hillock, which is an archaeological site, at an altitude of 40 meters in the center of the city of Khorramabad, Lorestan province.

Khorramabad River runs along the eastern and southern sides of the fort serving as a fortification like a moat.

Khorramabad, which is located 490 kilometers southwest of Tehran, has a temperate climate and an abundance of water canals and springs. The city has many historical sites, the most famous being Falak-ol-Aflak which can be viewed from all directions.

Construction of the fortress started during the Sasanid dynasty (226-651 A.D.) and history books have referred to the edifice as Shahpur Khast or Sabor Khast Fortress, Dezbar and finally, Falak-ol-Aflak Fortress.

The fortress was constructed near pre-historic inhabited caves and Golestan Springs which arises from the northern slope of the hill.

The present-day fortress has eight towers extending over a total area of about 5,300 meters. The structure consists of two courtyards, four large foyers as well as other halls and rooms.

The entrance to the fortress is located on the northern side. The second courtyard is reached by a corridor under a high arch. The first courtyard is measures 31 m X 22.50 m while the second one 29 m X 21 m.

The water inside the fortress is supplied from a well 40 meters deep, which mainly passes through the rocks to reach the top of the Golestan Springs. The well is still in use.

Currently the fortress houses a museum which consists of archaeology, anthropology and traditional art sections.

The cogs on the fortress serve to remind the visitor of a prison since it was used as a jail during the first Pahlavi era.

The fortress was transferred to the Cultural Heritage Department by the Army in 1970 and was subsequently registered on the national cultural heritage list.




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