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CAIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS©


New Activities Revive Takht-e- Suleiman

 

 

 

24 September 2005

 

The dust and debris of the 50-year-old archaeological excavations around Takht-e-Suleiman will be removed, giving the monument a new appearance.

The ancient, historical fort of Takht-e- Suleiman occupies an area of about 124,000 square meters and is one of Iran’s most important ancient monuments, comprising ruins dating back to the Sassanid, Parthian, and Mongol periods.

Takht-e-Suleiman is in the district of Takab, west of Azarbaijan, Iran, at an altitude of 2,400 meters and consists of a majestic building about 20m.high, erected on top of a hill, and a strong stone battlement. One enters the monument through a large gate above which traces of an inscription in Kufic style can be seen, which belongs to the Mongol period and is indicative of the reparation of the place in that period.

The glorious time of Takht-e-Suleiman was in Sassanid era during which it was a fire temple, the fire of which was burning for hundreds of years.

During Ilkhanid era, some settlements and new castles were built in Takht-e-Suleiman. Abagha Khan, the last emperor of Ilkhanid dynasty, dislodged the region and changed it to his hunting ground. After the collapse of Ilkhanids, its inhabitants who were forced to live out of the region, returned there and rebuilt their houses on remains of Ilkhanid castles.

“The perimeters of the monument will be cleaned by removing the 50-year-old dusts and debris remaining from the excavations, under the supervision of an expert,” says Ebrahim Heidari, head of Takht-e-Suleiman project.

According to Heidari, the mass of dust and debris which is some 5000 cubic meters will be removed. Therefore, the removal will help save the temple from decay because of dampness penetration into its foundation.

The site is also to undergo new stratigraphy studies and excavations to determine its exact perimeters in the near future.

Yousof Moradi, archaeologist and director of the excavation team in Takht-e-Suleiman says that unlike the previous excavations in which just the interior sector of the complex had been excavated, the new round of studies will focus on excavating historical remains between Takht-e-Suleiman prison and Takht-e-Suleiman itself.

According to Moradi, the inner parts of Takht-e-Suleiman which had already been excavated by German archaeologists will be studied once again. The German team believed that an earthen wall 1120 meters long and 12 meters high surrounded this complex, which was the first structure of Takht-e-Suleiman belonging to the Sasanid era, destroyed later and replaced by a stone wall. The excavation team believes that the new wall was constructed at the beginning of Islamic period. However, to surely indicate that the wall was a fortification needs further studies.

 

 

 

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