& CULTURAL NEWS
geology excavations on the Trilobite fossils (the
extinct arthropods belonging to the first
geological period) north of Damghan and Tabas, in
Iran, prove that 500 million years ago, Iran was
located in the southern hemisphere at moderate
latitudes and was close to south of China.
The latest paleontology studies led to the
discovery of 2 families, 9 species and one
sub-species of Trilobite fossils in Iran, which
are being introduced for the first time by an
Iranian geologist, Mansoureh Ghobadipour in
international specialized press.
According to Ghobadipour, the studies on the 500
million-year-old Trilobites (Ordovician era),
which have been discovered in north of Damghan and
Tabas, prove that Iran was near south of China
during 510 to 450 million years ago.
Those creatures which had the bottom of the ocean
as their habitats, such as Trilobites, most often
lived in the shallow or not so deep areas and were
not able to pass through the very deep parts of
the ocean, therefore can help identify the
boundaries of continents, explained Ghobadipour.
Ghobadipour added that since these fossils show
the margin of the continents at the ancient times,
they are very valuable for an understanding of the
ancient geography of the earth. The studies
indicate that Iran was located in the southern
hemisphere between the latitudes of 30 to 60, and
that north of Damghan, the sea was deeper than
north of Tabas.
The similarities between the discovered fossils in
Iran and South China indicate the two areas were
connected by sea at that time. There are also some
similarities between these fossils with those of
Turkey, France, and South Italy.
Paleontology studies help the researches to
rebuild Iran’s situation compared to the
neighboring regions at the different geological
Iran is a rich source of fossil remains, but there
is no specified center to collect and preserve
them. Hundreds of years ago, Iran had great
scientists such as Avicenna and Abu Reihan Biruni
who started to study fossils, but today the
country is very young with regard to paleontology