Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©
have Started Excavations in Search of the Old Hormoz port that disappeared
Some 700 years ago
09 April 2006
(CAIS) -- Archaeological excavations are still
continuing in Minab plain in order to discover the Old Hormoz Port which
mysteriously disappeared in the 14th century and is believed to have been
located around the present-day Hormozgan Province.
“The main aim of these excavations is to discover the original location of the
Old Hormoz Port. It was a city which turned into an important international
trade port after the collapse of Siraf Port. A lot of people even some
contemporary historians believe that the present city of Minab is the old Hormoz.
However, according to what is recorded in historical evidence such as the
itinerary of Morco Polo, the alleged Italian explorer, this can not be true and
the old Hormoz port was different from the present Minab. Besides, Hormoz was a
trade port with some places for ships to berth while the case is not true with
Minab city,” said Siamak Sarlak, archaeologist and head of excavation team in
Minab and Roodan.
In 1300 CE, Mongols attacked the old Hormoz. Following that attack which
devastated this portal city the governor of Hormoz accompanied by the residents
migrated to the present city of Minab. Since that time the old Hormoz
disappeared and no one knows precisely where it was located. “It is nearly 700
years since the old Hormoz port has vanished and no archaeologist has managed to
find its exact place yet,” explained Sarlak.
According to Sarlak, 84 historical relics have been unearthed during the
excavations in Minab port so far, some of which date back to the ancient Stone
Age (some 150,000 years ago). However, there is not much information to assist archaeologists
to identify the origin settlements there.
“The previous excavations led to the discovery of two linear and radial styles
of settlements in the area. Linear settlements are those which are situated in
lines. This style of settlement goes back to the Post-Sasanian period. But
radial settlements have a pattern of lines that go outward from a central point,
making a circular shape. This style of settlement goes back to the pre-Islamic
period. These excavations resulted in the discovery of about five or six ancient
areas,” added Sarlak.
According to Sarlak, discovering the real place of the old Hormoz would be a
great achievement for Iran’s history and archeology.
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies