Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS OF THE IRANIAN WORLD
Intact Brick Dome Discovered in Arjan
15 April 2006
(CAIS) -- Although the illegal excavations in Arjan
in Khuzestan province caused some serious harm to this 7000-year-old historical
site, it resulted in the discovery of an intact brick dome belonging to the
“Arjan Research Centre is situated in Cultural Heritage
and Tourism Organization of Behbahan city and there is no building for the
settlement of this centre in Arjan historical site. On the other hand, the
cultural heritage guards protect the area only during the days. The absence of
cultural heritage guards in Arjan historical site at nights provides smugglers
an opportunity to go to the site every now and then to carry out illegal
diggings. However this time their excavations led to the discovery of an intact
brick dome belonging to the Islamic period,” said Ganji, head of Arjan’s
Khuzestan and Kerman provinces are known as the paradise
of illegal diggers. According to Ganji, since the Arjan historical site is very
vast, sometimes the research centre does not get informed of some illegal
excavations right away.
Arjan Elamite city is located 10 kilometres north of the
city of Behbahan in Khuzestan province. A grave belonging to the New Elamite era
was discovered during the construction of a dam on Maroon River in fall 1982.
The grave belongs to Kidin Hutran, an Elamite king who ruled during the seventh
century BC. A very unique and remarkable gold ring with the design of two winged
lions on the two sides of a “holly tree” was also discovered in this grave.
On this ring, a phrase written in the Elamite cuneiform is evident which reads:
“Kidin Hutran, Son of Cyrus”.
Arjan historical site was a flourished city during the
ancient times which stayed alive until the beginning of the Islamic period. The
city underwent a lot of changes and got into conflicts with Al-e Bouye dynasty.
Arjan was devastated by an earthquake in 1085 CE. Those who survived from the
earthquake migrated toward the south of the area and established the present
city of Behbahan.
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