Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©
the Ctesiphon Arch, Protecting the National Identity
18 April 2006
(CAIS) -- Preserving the historic Ctesiphon Arch as
an Iranian heritage in danger and inscribing its name in UNESCO’s list of
endangered heritage were discussed during the third conference of Iran’s
History of Architectural Style and City Planning currently held in the city of
Bam in Kerman province. The participants of this conference also called on
immediate action to save the historical cities of Gondi Shapour, Ivan-e Karkheh,
and city of Tispawn later Tisfun (Ctesiphon).
In an interview with CHN, Faramarz Tathir Moqadam, member of managing board of
Institute for Tehran University Graduate Engineers said, “In an official
statement, our institute has requested the coordinators and participants of the
third conference of Iran’s History of Architectural Style and City Planning to
call on all related world organizations to put their maximum efforts into
renovating the Ctesiphon Arch which is not only considered as a national
treasure, but is also a world heritage currently in real jeopardy.”
According to Tathir Moqadam, inscribing this architectural masterpiece in
UNESCO’s List of Endangered Heritage will draw the attention of the world and
would result in both financial and moral support from world organizations to
preserve this ancient monument.
Institute for Tehran University Graduate Engineers which is partly engaged with
the condition of endangered historic monuments both inside Iran and abroad is
one of the institutions that have taken part in this year’s architectural
style conference of Iran.
For more than 12 centuries the city of Ctesiphon in Khvarvaran
province (modern Iraq) with its huge castles and magnificent buildings was
the capital city of Persian Emperors until 642 CE when Arabs seized, looted and
destroyed all its castles and buildings except for one which is Shahigan-i Sepid
(White Palace), also known as Taq-i Kasra, Iwan-e Khosrow, Palace of Khosrow,
Iwan-e Madaein, as well as Ctesiphon Arch.
of the legendary item that was looted from the Palace by the Arab invaders, was the Bahârestân
carpet, which after fourteen centuries, still remains fresh in the minds of the
Iranian people. The huge jewel-studded' 'Spring Carpet of Khosrow', with its
silk and golden threads fell into the hands of the invading Muslims and was cut
into 60,000 pieces, and each piece was then sold by the looters for 12,000
dirham. No trace of this carpet is to be found today.
to Tabari, Ali Ibn Abi Talib was the one who suggested to cut the Baharestan
carpet into pieces. Ali then sold his piece of the carpet for twenty thousand dirham.
The Ctesiphon Arch as the imperial palace, was located within the Persian Empire
in the present-day Iraq when Baghdad and its suburbs used to be part of the
capital of the forth Iranian dynasty, the Sasanids. The remains of this edifice
can still be seen 38 km from Baghdad. It is still alive and speaks of the great
and magnificent Iranian civilization and culture. This magnificent example of
Iranian architectural style has seen a lot of harm during the past few
centuries, especially during the Iran-Iraq war. Also, the ancient city of Tispawn
(Ctesiphon) was completely abandoned during Saddam’s regime in Iraq. “This
world heritage does not at all deserve such a destiny,” said Tathir Moqadam
The Third International Conference of Iran’s History of Architectural Style
and City Planning is currently held in the city of Bam in Kerman province and
will run to 19 of April 2006.
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies