Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©
to Revive at Historical Site of New Tehran International Airport
23 April 2006
(CAIS) -- Remains of archaeological sites were
discovered in the vicinity of Tehran's new international airport.
“By starting the executive operations in Safavid Zeid tomb we will learn the
history of this region which extends from 3,200 years ago to the post-Sasanian
period,” said Ghadir Afrvand, deputy director of the preserving and
restoration department of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of
Afrvand also expressed hope that renovation of the historical sites which lie
near Tehran International Airport (currently called Khomeini Airport) will turn
the airport into a tourism destination in Iran.
New International Airport was constructed on the remains of hundred buried
historical villages and buildings among which only Qach Qach Fortress belonging
to the Safavid period, Zeid and Ebrahim tombs, and also the Iron Age Mamourin
Tepe (some 3200 years ago) have been remained. Archeologists believe that these
historical sites would reveal some important facts about the life of people in
this area during the Iron Age. The first historical sites were accidentally
discovered in new International Airport in 1989. Since then some archeological
excavations have been done in this area which resulted in the discovery of more
than 50 historical sites in the area of the airport and its runways.
The stratigraphy studies on Mamourin Tepe indicate that the surface layer dates
back to the Iron Age while the lower layers are estimated to be even older.
Mamourin Tepe which was considered as an important civilization crossroad during
the Iron Age is now located in the area of the new Airport.
“Discovery of Mamourin Tepe is one of the most important events of
archeological excavations during recent ages because it provided archeologists
with some new information about the culture and lifestyle of people during the
Iron Age, and unique gray clays which belong to the same period of time,” said
Jafar Mehrkian, head of archeological excavation team at the new International
According to Mehrkian, discovery of gray clays with molding designs indicates
the use of ploughshares in ploughing the ground which rejects the theory
proposed by some archeology experts about the migration of people during the
Mehrkian also believes that discovery of cylindrical seals in this hill revealed
the existence of a ruling system in this area during the Iron Age.
In addition, discovery of casting bars indicates the producing of metal and
military instruments and sending them to the other parts of the country such as
Qeitarieh in Tehran. According to what has been discovered in this historical
site, Mehrkian believes that plaster was used in the architectural style of the
people during that time. Besides, evidence of gardening and producing fruits
such as grapes indicates the developed culture and architecture of the people
during the Iron Age.
Due to the discovery of grey clays, Maamourin Tepe is considered a very
important historical site since prior to this all the discovered grey clays were
found in the cemeteries, but now they have been unearthed in a rich civilization
center and residential area of human beings during the Iron Age.
Although Maamourin Tepe has been registered in the list of National Heritage, it
was abandoned for a long time. Now with the start of new season of archeological
excavations in this historical site, archeologists are hoping to achieve some
important information about people’s life during the Iron Age and considering
its close distance to Tehran, to turn it into one of the tourism attraction
sites of Iran.
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies