Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©
of a Cemetery to Unveil Ancient Migration Route
29 April 2006
(CAIS) -- Discovery of a 3,200-year-old cemetery in
Zarin-Abad (Zarîn-Âbâd) near Sari in Mazandaran province, revealed the
migration route of those who were buried in Kharand historical cemetery in the
nearby city of Semnan.
Prior to this discovery, it was believed that cultural domain of the Kharand
nomads only covered an area between Semnan plain and low heights of Caspian Sea
southern shores. However, discovery of Zarin-Abad cemetery in Sari which
exhibits similar characteristics to that of Kharand showed that the culture of
the ancient inhabitants of Kharand extends well beyond what had previously been
assumed. Evidence of the existence of these ethnic groups can be traced in five
northern provinces of Iran. Therefore, special studies were conducted in these
provinces which include Golestan, Mazandaran, Semnan, Tehran, and Gilan to
identify the route of migration of these tribes.
Some similar sites to Kharand cemetery had already been discovered during
previous archeological excavations in different parts of Iran’s Plateau; but
the newly discovered cemetery in Zarin-Abad is the most important of all which
clearly shows evidence of culture of the people of Kharand miles away.
According to Abdolmotaleb Sharifi, head of excavation team in historical
cemetery of Kharand, the recent excavations aimed at discovering different areas
belonging to the Iron Age. He also said that the studies in Zarin-Abad cemetery
showed an extensive similarities between this cemetery with that of Kharand.
Sharifi believes that there is a high possibility of finding more historical
sites similar to that of Kharand Cemetery in other nearby provinces mentioned
Considering their characteristics and historical background, Zarin-Abad and
Kharand cemeteries are considered unique in Iran. Archeological studies in these
cemeteries resulted in some strange discoveries about the cultural roots of
Kharand ethnic groups.
Kharand graveyard is a unique one of its own kind because of its untouched
archeological remains and skeletons. The similarity between the artifacts found
in the Kharand graves with the items excavated in Mazandaran led archeologists
to thinking that the answers to their questions regarding the lifestyle and
migration pattern of the ancient inhabitants of Kharand can be found by
expanding their excavations to cover a larger area around Semnan, where this
cemetery is located, to find the migration route of those people. Therefore, a
team of archeologists from Mazandaran, Gilan, and Semnan provinces are going to
begin complementary studies in the southern coasts of Caspian Sea.
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies