cais1.gif (153930 bytes)

CAIS Persian Text.gif (34162 bytes)


The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies

 Persian Section.PNG (9914 bytes)


About CAIS


Daily News

News Archive


CAIS Seminars

Image Library





Contact Us


Facebook-Button.jpg (107165 bytes)




Parthian Rhytons & Sassanid Coins Discovered in Damavand


30 August 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Archeological excavations in Partho-Sassanid cemetery in Damavand led to discovery of number of artefacts including an amphora, several rhytons, as well as a number of Sassanid coins engraved with the design of Khosrow II Parviz. The remains of architectural style of the Sassanid dynastic era (224-651 CE) can be seen in this cemetery which was discovered during the construction of a new branch for Science and Technology University in the city of Damavand in Tehran province.


“Archeological excavations in this historical cemetery show the flourishing and prominent situation of Valiran village in Damavand district during the Parthian (248 BCE-224 CE) and Sasanid dynastic eras,” said Mohammad Reza Nemati, head of archeology team of Damavand cemetery according to CHN (Cultural Heritage News Agency).


Noting that three different burial methods including urn burial, loculus (a slot-like burial niche), and surface burial have been observed in this Parthian cemetery, Nemati explained: “These three burial methods show the difference between social classes during the Parthian dynastic era. While the surface graves are very simple, some valuable burial gifts can be seen in loculus ones which indicate the high social rank of the people buried in them.”


According to Nemati, urn-burial method was mostly used for children during this period and discovery of the rhytons and amphora in this Parthian cemetery is among the most unique archeological achievements during the last 40 years. “The rhytons discovered in this historical cemetery are quite unique. Discovery of an amphora, which was commonly used in the early history of ancient Greece, in this historical site has amazed archeologists,” added Nemati.


“In addition to some rectangular-shaped rooms, the usage of which is not yet known, three pieces of clay tablets in Pahlavi (middle-Persian) language and coins engraved with the image of Khosrow II Parviz, the Sassanid king of kings, have also been discovered in the Sassanid layer of this archeological cemetery,” explained Nemati.


According to Nemati, since archeological excavations started in this historical site as a rescue operation after the accidental discovery of the cemetery, this season of excavations will be closed earlier than usual which will be by September 10, 2006. However, due to the importance of this ancient cemetery, in a near future the excavations will be resumed after gaining the approval of Iran’s Archeology Research Center.


Damavand is a historical city in Tehran province. Damavand is located at a close distance to Iran’s tallest peak, Mount Damavand. Its name appears in Sassanid texts and has been mentioned abundantly by Ferdowsi, the great Persian epic poet in the 10th century CE, in his literary masterpiece of “Shahnameh” or “The Book of Kings”. Many Parthian remains have so far been found in this city which fell to Arab Muslim invaders in 651 CE.


Damavand is rich in historical heritage. It contains 37 historical mausoleums, 27 castle ruins, 23 traditional houses of architectural significance, 18 traditional bathhouses, 6 caves, 5 historical bridges, 3 historical mosques and 3 caravansaries.








Top of Page



Extracted From/Source: CHN

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.




my_Iran.jpg (13682 bytes)

"History is the Light on the Path to Future"


Persian_NOT_Farsi_by_Shapour_Suren-Pahlav_3D2.gif (177309 bytes)


Encyclopaedia Iranica

BIPS.jpg (15695 bytes)

The British Institute of Persian Studies

"Persepolis Reconstructed"

Persepolis_reconstructed2.jpg (36944 bytes)


The British Museum

The Royal

Asiatic Society

Persian_Gulf_Facebook.jpg (1935028 bytes)

The Persian Gulf

Facebook Page

Please use your "Back" button (top left) to return to the previous page

Copyright © 1998-2015 The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS)