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Excavations Prove Ecbatan's Flood by Alexander


11 December 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- An Iranian archaeologist has claimed that he found evidence supporting claims that the Alexander of Macedon had flooded the ancient city of Ecbatana (Hegmataneh or modern day Hamedan), as a means of breaking the city’s defences, reported by the Persian service of ISNA.

"According to the legend, after Alexander of Macedon failed to capture of the city of Hegmataneh, he sent a map of the city to the Aristotle seeking his advice on how to overrun the city. Aristotle advised Alexander to build a dam six kilometres from the city and then, after a year, break the dam and channel the water toward the city. In this way the city can be captured", said Mehdi Aqakhani.

Aqakhani pointed out that the claim is supported by the presence of layers of sand in the northern section of Hegmataneh hills. A thick sedimentary layer was discovered during the 15th round of excavations in Hegmataneh hills which serves as evidence that the city was indeed flooded before being captured.


The historic Hegmataneh or Ecbatana hill is located in Hamedan and covers an area of 30 hectares. Hamedan, known as Hegmataneh in historic texts, was the capital of the first Iranian dynastic Empire, the Medes. It later became one of the main seats of their successors, the Achaemenid dynasty (550-330 BCE), though Persepolis near Shiraz was considered the centre of the throne, but Ecbatana considered a strategic place, which kept its' importance even during the Parthian (248 BCE-224 CE) and Sassanid (224–651 CE) dynastic empires.


According to historical accounts, it was in Ecbatana that Alexander's companion, Hephaestion, fell sick and died. It is claimed that the Stone Lion of Hamedan have been erected by Alexander (the Great), upon the death of his male-lover.




Extracted From/Source: Iran Daily

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.



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