The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- A large prehistoric site has been discovered in the Bam region of southern Iran’s Kerman Province, the Persian service of CHN reported on Sunday.
an area of 300 hectares, it is the largest prehistoric site ever discovered in
Iran-proper, said the members of an archaeological team working on the Bam
discovery of a prehistoric site in the Bam region is not a strange or unique
event. Our country has many such settlements,” team archaeologist Shahram Zare’
the most interesting point is the dimensions and the width of the site,” he
site is about twice the size of the Burnt City of Sistan va Baluchestan
Province, which was previously considered Iran’s largest prehistoric site,
to the large number of potshards discovered at the site, it is not difficult to
prepare a comparative chronicle for the site, but there are fewer similarities
among the motifs painted on the pottery and the examples discovered at the
nearby Yahya and Eblis mounds and Bampur site,” he said.
motifs of the shards are reminiscent of the pottery discovered in Fars Province
from the Bakun A era (ca. 4000-3500 BCE). A large number of the motifs somewhat
resemble the designs on pottery works discovered at the Aliabad site in western
Kerman. Thus, it can tentatively be said that the site dates back to the late
fourth millennium BCE.”
site has many low mounds and archaeologists surmise that they are the central
part of the settlement.
most interesting point about the mounds is the fact that in addition to the
large number of shards, small pieces of black stone are scattered on the mounds
like at the northern part of Sialk Tappeh in Kashan.
shards are all prehistoric, well-baked, and buff-coloured. The artifacts are
also very hard and all made by hand,” Zare’ said.
team has discovered pottery works with and without motifs. The earthenware pots
and large jars have no ornamental motifs or attachment.
decorated items feature geometrical, plant, and animal motifs which have been
drawn in black on the pottery.
archaeologists have also discovered a bronze axe blade as well as an earthenware
statuette of a cow during their excavations.
along with Narges Ahmadi and Mohammad-Taqi Ataii as the team leaders are now
working on a project at the Bam Citadel seeking to determine the social
atmosphere in which the citadel was established and the key factors behind the
development of the citadel.
an area of 180,000 square meters, the Bam Citadel is located 200 kilometres
south of the city of Kerman. The Parthian citadel was the world’s largest
adobe building before it was almost completely destroyed in an earthquake on
December 26, 2003.
is not clear exactly when the Bam Citadel was built, but it is widely believed
that it was originally constructed during the Sassanid dynastic era (224-651
CE). While some surviving structures date to the 12th century and before, most
of what remains was built during the Safavid dynasty (1502-1722).
citadel had been partly renovated several times before the 2003 earthquake.
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