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No Medians at Ecbatana Hill


31 December 2006




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 Ecbatana Ancient Wall

(Click to enlarge)

LONDON, (CAIS) -- Contrary to what archaeologists and historians had previously believed about the existence of Medians at Ecbatana Hill, latest archaeological studies at this ancient hill have so far revealed no single evidence from the Median Dynasty (728-550 BCE), according to a report by CHN.


Announcing this news, head of the team of archaeologists at Ecbatana Hill, Masoud Azarnoush told Persian service of CHN that stratigraphy works and number of test trenches in five locations on the hill have only revealed evidence of the Parthian dynastic era (248 BCE–224 CE).


“Last year, excavations were conducted in a single spot which failed to yield any indications of the existence of the Iranian Medes in this archaeological hill. Therefore, we made further five trenches in various points on the hill, but the result confirmed that of last year,” explained Azarnoush.


He boldly and possibly prematurely added that archaeologists are now certain that “no single evidence suggesting existence of other Iranian dynastic civilizations besides the Parthians have been found in Ecbatana Hill.”


Last year’s stratigraphy works in a 100 meter area revealed remains of the Parthian dynastic era pointing to the existence of civil constructions on this ancient hill during that time. The new findings brought previous theories suggesting this hill to have belonged to the Medians under scrutiny. For this reason, one of the main objectives set for the third season of excavations, which is now coming to closure, was to confirm or disprove last year’s conclusion.


“We continued our stratigraphy operations until we reached undisturbed soil, and we saw nothing but evidence of the Parthian era,” added Azarnoush.


This archaeologist further said that since Ecbatana Hill is spread over a 35-hectare area, the possibility to find other archaeological layers beside the ones observed so far in other parts of the hill cannot be ruled out. “The present theory is proposed based on findings in the area in which soundings were made and it is possible to find evidence of the Medes somewhere else on the hill,” said team director Azarnoush.


Ecbatana Hill is located in present-day Hamedan province. Prior to the start of archaeological excavations on this ancient hill, Hamedan was commonly taken as a Median city. However, latest archaeological studies and sounding works in Ebatana proved that the hill was inhabited during the Parthian period and was most probably constructed around the Parthian dynasty period.  


In addition to remains of the Parthian period, there are several reports on the existence of Achaemenid constructions in Hamedan. French archaeologist, Jacques De Morgan, was able to find remains of carvings dated to the Achaemenid dynastic period after only 24 days of studying Ecbatana Hill. However, archaeological excavations conducted after De Morgan concluded his research in the region have so far resulted in unearthing Parthian remains only.


This is while according to Greek historians Herodotus and Xenophon, prior to the Achaemenid dynasty, the Medians had erected several administrative buildings in Ecbatana. These historical accounts also suggest the existence of an immense city in Ecbatana left from the time of the Median dynasty, yet to be proved by future archaeological studies.



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Extracted From/Source: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.



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