(CAIS) -- Discovery of stone tools in Parthian layers
of Kaluraz Tepe in Gilan province which are similar to
those of the Acheulian age have raised new questions about
the age of this historical site. Prior
to this, the existence of Acheulian culture had already
been discovered near this historical site.
stone tools similar to those which had already been found
in the basin of Sefidrud River belonging to some 700,000
years ago, have been discovered in the Parthian layer of
of this stone tool in the layers belonging to the Parthian
dynastic era indicates that most probably a mistake has
been made in dating these objects,” said Mohammad Reza
Previous studies on the upper layers of Sefidrud River
resulted in the discovery of a collection of man-made
stone tools belonging to the Acheulian culture, which were
a proof of existence of human beings in this region.
“The question is that if these articles belong to the Palaeolithic,
why have they been found in the upper layers of the
ground? Most often such articles are expected to be
discovered in caves or among the layers of sediments,”
According to Khalatbari, such stone tools are still being
used in regions such as Roudbar to crush olive then it can
be concluded that these tools were used by human beings in
their everyday life.
In any case, Palaeontology experts believe that the newly
discovered stone tool in Kaluraz is most probably a
whetstone, formed by abrasion, while the stones dating
back to the Palaeolithic age were carved stones. Besides,
according to geological studies, the upper layers of the
basin of a river, called terrace, are older than the lower
layers since the water stream gradually washes away the
river basins and move the rocks and sediments down the
Experts on the Palaeolithic age, such as Professor Jack
Joubert, who examined the collection of stone tools
discovered near Sefidrud River and Ganjpar area in Rostam
Abad, have confirmed that they must have belonged to the Acheulian
culture. A report about the discovery of this collection
was published in the “Antiquity Journal” and a seminar
has also been held in the United States in Pennsylvania in
this respect. Both Iranian and foreign experts have
confirmed that stone tools of the Ganjpar region and the
surrounding areas of Sefidrud River must have belonged to
the Acheulian culture.
The similarity of the discovered objects in Sefidrud River
and Kaluraz historical hill must be studied by experts to
reveal the exact date of Kaluraz Tepe in Gilan province.
Acheulian culture is an ancient one dating back to some
1.5 million to 150 thousand years ago.