(CAIS) -- Archeological excavations in Dastwa (Dastwâ)
ancient site near the city of Shushtar in Khuzestan
province led to the discovery of 6 Sasanian column bases.
“Considering the thickness of each column bases and
their distance from one another, it is believed that these
6 discovered brick column bases must have been used in the
construction of a hall belonging to the Sasanian dynastic
era,” said Mehdi Rahbar, head of excavation team in Dastwa
“The column bases are three meters apart from each
other. The architectural style and the distance between
the column bases indicate the existence of a big roofed
hall in this area; however, the usage and the exact date
of its construction are not clear yet. Considering the
discovery of a Sasanian coin made of lead in the area as
well as the architectural style and the size of the column
bases, places the hall in the Sasanian dynastic period.
Nonetheless, more researches are still required to
determine the exact date of the building,” added Rahbar.
Unfortunately, construction of modern fish hatcheries in
this area resulted in the destruction of large parts of
the architectural remains in Dastwa historical site.
of catacombs, irrigation channels, and various
architectural styles in this area, most of which have been
destroyed, all give proof to the importance of this giant
hall in the ancient times.
“Such an architectural style had already been seen in
the other historical sites belonging to the Sasanian
period such as Bandian of Dargaz fire temple in North
Khorassan Province. The only difference is that they were
adobe constructed, while the new discovered ones in Dastwa
are made of brick,” explained Rahbar.
According to Rahbar, Iran's Cultural Heritage and Tourism
Organization has taken the measures to restore the stucco
decorations of these column bases to clarify their
original designs. Since it is the first time that such
stucco decorations are discovered in this historical site,
determining their usage would give valuable information
about the Sasanian era.
Dastwa city was founded on the basin of Gargar River (the
ancient name for Karun River) during the first millennium
BC. This historical city was survived during the brutal
invasion of Iran by Arabs in 7th century, and it was
inhabited until the 9th and 10th centuries AD, before its'