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Discovery of an Ancient Buried City Near Gaw Khuni Swamp


17 February 2006



Gav-khuni.jpg (95649 bytes)LONDON, (CAIS) -- Preliminary archaeological research in one of the seven sub-basins of Zayandeh Rud known as Gaw-Khuni swamp (Gāw-Khuni, Gāvkhāneh - Kāvkhuni) in the Esfahan Province has indicated there is an ancient buried city in the vicinity of the village of Varzaneh.


A team of archaeologists are planning to begin excavations as early as next year (Iranian year - March 21st), Hossein-Ali Vakil the director of Esfahan' Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organisation announced on Thursday 16th.


“At the moment we have taken necessary security measures to protect the site from illegal excavators, to give us enough time to prepare and assemble an archaeological team to be deployed to the area”, said Vakil.


“We have already identified over 70 archaeological sites which date back to 4,000 BCE near Gāw-Khuni sub-basin, in which the buried city is the largest of all”, Vakil added.


According to local folklore, there was an ancient and prosperous city near Varzeneh by the name of Kāvkhāneh or by some traditions as Sabā, which was destroyed by war and famine.


The Zayandeh Rud (Zāyandé Rūd) basin is located in the central part of Iran. The area of the basin is about 42,000 km2. Esfahan province constitutes 87.7% of the Zayandeh Rud basin. In addition, rest of the basin is placed in Bakhtiyari and Yazd provinces. Esfahan is the capital of Esfahan province, which is one of the oldest world cities.


Esfahan (historically also rendered as Isphahan, Elamite/Old-Persian Aspadana, Pahlavi Spahan, New-Persian Esfahân) was part of the Elamite Empire, and later in 7th century BCE became one of the principal towns of the Median dynasty, when Iranian Medes settled there. After the rise of Achaemenid dynasty the province became part of the Empire; -after the liberation of Iran from Macedonian occupation by the Arsacid dynasty, it became part of the Parthian Empire.


The city lost its glory after invasion of Iran by Arabs, and did not regain its importance until 11th century when Persianized-Saljuq dynasty chose the ancient city as their capital.





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Related News: 

05 May 2004: Isfahan Residential History may Date Back to 6000 years ago

19 July 2005: Discovery of a Neolithic Site at Gavkhooni Swamp, Esfahan





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