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Esfandgan Celebration & Commemoration of Women


18 February 2006



LONDON, (CAIS) -- 18th of February (29th day of the Iranian month of Bahman), is the day of Esfandgan celebrations.


In Zoroastrian religion, the whole month and especially this day marks commemoration of women, the oldest of its kind in the world.

In Zoroastrian religion the day belongs to the Amesha Spenta Spandarmaz/Spandarmad (Av. Spenta Armaiti) holy devotion, the symbol of love and humbleness in the spiritual world and the guardian of the earth in the material one. On this day, the Earth was worshiped and women venerated. 


Sepandarmaz is another name for mainyu earth meaning Holy, Humble and Passionate.


Sepandarmaz is also Earth Guardian Angel. It is the symbol of humbleness. It means modest toward the entire creation. These are the qualities attributed to Earth that spreads beneath our feet, thus the symbol of modesty and love. As human beings, there are creatures that we find unpleasant and repulsive, but Earth is not like us. She embraces all creatures the same and loves them the same; like a mother who loves all children alike, even when they are ugly. In ancient Persian culture, mother is symbolised by Sepandarmaz or earth.


To mark the day, females of the household sat on the throne and males had to obey them and offered them gifts and presents. In this manner, men were reminded to acclaim and respect women.


Tthe idea of a Women's Day (March 8th) in the Europe first arose at the turn of 20th century, which in the industrialised world was a period of expansion and turbulence, booming population growth and radical ideologies.


The late Iranian scholar Professor Ebrahim Pourdavud believed the feast should be celebrated on the fifth day of the month of Esfand (February 24th), and the current date accepted by by Zoroastrians of Iran and India is a mistake which occurred in recent decades.






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