(CAIS) -- 18th of February (29th day of the
Iranian month of Bahman), is the day of Esfandgan
Zoroastrian religion, the whole month and especially this day marks
commemoration of women, the oldest of its kind in the
In Zoroastrian religion the day belongs to the Amesha
Spenta Spandarmaz/Spandarmad (Av. Spenta Armaiti) holy devotion,
the symbol of love and humbleness in the
spiritual world and the guardian of the earth in the
material one. On this day, the Earth was worshiped and
is another name for mainyu earth meaning Holy, Humble and
is also Earth Guardian Angel. It is the symbol of
humbleness. It means modest toward the entire creation.
These are the qualities attributed to Earth that spreads
beneath our feet, thus the symbol of modesty and love. As
human beings, there are creatures that we find unpleasant
and repulsive, but Earth is not like us. She embraces all
creatures the same and loves them the same; like a mother
who loves all children alike, even when they are ugly. In
ancient Persian culture, mother is symbolised by
Sepandarmaz or earth.
To mark the day,
females of the household sat on the throne and males had
to obey them and offered them gifts and presents. In this
manner, men were reminded to acclaim and respect women.
Tthe idea of a Women's Day (March 8th)
in the Europe first arose at
the turn of 20th century, which in the industrialised
world was a period of expansion and turbulence, booming
population growth and radical ideologies.
late Iranian scholar Professor Ebrahim Pourdavud believed the feast should be celebrated on
the fifth day of the month of Esfand (February 24th), and
the current date accepted by by Zoroastrians of Iran and
India is a mistake which occurred in recent decades.