(CAIS) -- The remained rare and limited windmills in
the Province of South Khorassan are close to complete
These windmills, called “Asbad” among the locals of
the region, are located in the Village of Chahar-Farsakh,
most southern point of the province.
The Village of Chahar-Farsakh is located at the terminal
point of a desert without any accessible communicative
road except one old route from the city of Nahbandan.
As Alireza Shahbakhsh, tourism deputy of Cultural Heritage
& Tourism Department in the province says the
implemented studies and surveys in the region and its
suburbs show that these windmills are among the oldest
windmills of the world. He also emphasized that the
initial idea to construct windmills in other countries,
particularly the Netherlands, has been transferred to
these countries from Iran, the city of Zabol and its
According to Shahbakhsh, despite registration of these
windmills by the officials of Iran’s Cultural Heritage
and Tourism Organization, no positive measure has been
taken for protection and restoration of these windmills
which once had key roles in the culture and life of desert
“Lack of efficient budget is one of the chief factors
behind negligence toward revival of these unique
windmills”, an expert from Cultural Heritage &
Tourism Department of the province pointed out.
Windmills were an essential part of daily life for many of
the region’s early residents. They helped colonial
farmers grind grains and gave pioneers a way to pump water
along trails, rail lines and new farmlands.
Farmers relied on the power of wind during much of the
past 20 years in this region. However, today due to
development of technology, many windmills stand unused and
deteriorating in fields.
Except for a few windmills in the City of Zabol and its
suburban areas, the rest of the windmills are under the
danger of complete destruction. A small model of complete
construction of these windmills has been exhibited in the
temporary museum of Cultural Heritage & Tourism
Department in the city of Zahedan (capital of Sistan va
Contrary to other desert regions which suffer from water
shortage all the time, the Village of Chahar Farsakh
enjoys a great Qanat (aqueduct) which has
flourished the agriculture of the region. The region is
under the impression of 120-day winds of Sistan most of
the time during the year. That is why windmills of this
village are considered the local industry of this region.