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CAIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS OF IRAN©

 

Archaeologists in Search of Heraclius in Khosrow’s Palace

 

20 February 2006

 

 

Khosrow Castle.jpg (54214 bytes)LONDON, (CAIS) -- A team of archaeologists is currently searching for traces of Byzantine ruler Heraclius (610-641) at the Sasanid Khosrow Palace near the city of Qasr-e Shirin in the western Iranian province of Kermanshah, the Persian service of CHN reported on Monday.

 

King of Kings (Shâhanshâh) Khosrow II (reigned 590-628) began a long war against the Byzantine Empire in 602 and by 619 had conquered almost all of Asia Minor, Levant and Egypt. 

 

Further expansion was prevented by the Byzantine emperor Heraclius, who between 622 and 627 drove the Iranians back within the agreed borders. Many experts believe that the Khosrow Palace had been sacked and pillaged by Heraclius.

 

Iran never recovered from this war, and in fact paved the way for ferocious Arab army to invade Iran.

 

The team is conducting the survey to determine if the theory is true, project director Yusef Moradi said.

 

The region was excavated by French archaeologist and prehistorian Jacques de Morgan in the late nineteenth century, British anthropologist Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell in Khosrow Castle-reconstruction.gif (52512 bytes) 1910 and 1911, and then by Oscar Reuter. Each one prepared architectural plans of the Khosrow Palace, but none of the plans is reliable so the archaeological team also plans to study the architecture of the castle, he added.

 

The archaeological team working at the site recently discovered a wall surrounding the palace about 40 kilometers in length, which they believe was used as a defensive device for the palace.

 

Covering an area of 75,000 square meters, the palace was built by the Sasanid King of Kings Khosrow II for his beloved Armenian wife Shirin. Some Iranian and Arab geographers and historians of the early Islamic era called the palace one of the wonders of the world.

 

 

 

 

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