(CAIS) -- Digging in an area about 300 meters from
the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization building of
Qom city, near the tomb of Masumeh, sister of eight Shiite
Imam, resulted in the discovery of a 6,000-year-old
historical site in this old texture of the city.
“When the loaders were removing the earth near the
building of the CHTO of Qom, their blades dug into the
remains of a historical site. Archaeological studies on
this region indicate that the human settlement in this
area dates back to the 4th millennium BC,” said Siamak
Sarlak, an archaeologist of the ICHTO and director of
archaeological team in Qom.
With discovery of this historical site, construction
activities in the area were stopped and a letter was
submitted to Iran’s Archaeological Research Center
requesting this center to carry out archaeological
research in this historical site.
Prior to this accidental discovery, archaeologists in Qom
had found remarkable evidence in Qoli Darvish Historical Tappeh
which by itself proved the importance of the city of Qom
in historical context.
new discovery has partially answered the questions archaeologists
were facing with during their excavation at Qoli Darvish Tappeh.
excavations in Qoli Darvish historical Tappeh faced archaeologist
with a lot of questions. There is a long historical gap
seen in Qoli Darvish historical site which we do not know
anything about. The layers belonging to the fifth and
third millennium BC have been identified during the archaeological
excavations in this historical site. But nothing has
remained from the fourth millennium BC. Since the Qom
River flooded several times in the course of history, it
is believed that the people of the region must have
migrated to other regions during this one millennium
interruption. Now with the discovery of this historical
site belonging to the 4th millennium BC, it is supposed
that the inhabitants of Qoli Darvish migrated to the
present-day city of Qom and then they returned to Qoli
Darvish hill after 1000 years,” explained Sarlak.
Only 100 square meters have been survived from this
6,000-year-old historical site.
discovered artefacts in this historical site indicate the
existence of a rich culture in the region. Most of the
potteries have been decorated with animal designs such as
leopard and duck, while geometrical designs seem to be
popular during that time. The remained residential areas
in this region exhibit a mud-brick architectural style,
some parts of which has remained intact,” explained
Discovery of this pre-historic site indicates that the
residency in the city of Qom dates back to the fourth