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Qasr-e Shirin-Ubaid link Examined


27 February 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Discovery of some clay artefacts from Ubaid culture (5,000-4,000 BCE) in the city of Qasr-e Shirin (Kōšk-e Šīrīn ) has laid the origin and destination of this city's migrants about 6,000 years ago under ambiguity.

In the period 5,000-4,000 BCE much of Mesopotamia shared a common culture, called Ubaid after the site where the evidence for it was first found. The culture, which is characterized by a distinctive type of pottery, had its origins on the flat alluvial plains of southern Mesopotamia (today known as Iraq). Indeed, it was during this period that the first identifiable villages developed in this region, where people farmed the land and fished the rivers and sea (Persian Gulf). 


Archaeologists want to know whether these migrants came to this region from Mesopotamia or they were travelling among different regions of Zagros Mountains.


"Continuation of the surveys and identifications in this city led to the discovery of 75 ancient sites most of which belong to the Ubaid culture," said Ali Hajbari, head of archaeological team in Qasr-e Shirin.

"Archaeologists are also trying to find out whether these clays are indicators of a kind of economic and cultural connection between this region and Mesopotamia," added Hajbari.

On the new 75 discovered sites in the region, Hajbari said, "Due to existence of different rivers, including Tangab, Cham, Gilan'e Gharb and Kangir around the sites, they enjoyed more suitable climatic conditions for settlement. Special geographical and climatic conditions are chief factors behind the short-term stops of these migrants."

Prior to this, archaeological excavations in Qasr-e Shirin led to the discovery of 35 historical sites belonging to the Neolithic (6,500 BCE) and Chalcolithic periods (5,000-3,000 BCE).

Qasr-e Shirin the Sasanid Kōšk-e Šīrīn is the name of a historic city in Kermanshah Province, west of Iran. During his reign, Khosrow II Parviz, the Sasanid King of Kings, built several palaces in this city including a palace (MP. Kōšk) he named after his queen, Shirin.





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