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A Glance At Maybod Historical Ice House in Yazd Province


News Category: Cultural

07  January 2006



The remains of an insignificant number of archaic ice houses at certain points of Yazd province are known as one of the most remarkable provincial monuments, of which the one situated in the provincial city of Maybod is the most ancient.

In old days, these ice houses, which were made of unbaked raw brick and mud, were used by people to keep their foodstuff fresh.

Deputy head of the provincial Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department for cultural and communications affairs, Mohammad-Reza Shoja, told IRNA that Maybod Ice House includes a pond, an ice reservoir, a dome covering the ice reservoir and a freezing compartment.

"The large rectangular pond, half a meter in depth, is situated to the north of the monument. The elliptical shaped ice reservoir of the ice house has been carved into the earth and is six meters deep.

"The dome covering the ice reservoir keeps the ice frozen. The freezing compartment has a mud pond with an area measuring 800 meters. It is half a meter deep, while its walls are two meters thick and eight meters high. It includes 14 vaults and 16 columns," he added.

He added that the freezing compartment of Maybod Ice House with its unique design has attracted the attention of many cultural heritage experts.

The official noted that the monument has already been repaired by the provincial Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department.

Shoja said that in ancient times a cold shadow was cast by the eastern, western and southern walls of the monument on its northern space in winter.

"During the coldest days of the season, once the large shallow pond was repeatedly filled with aqueduct water overnight, large pieces of ice were formed. The ice was then broken into pieces and taken to the ice reservoir under the dome.

"Similar to an ice flask, the unbaked mud brick dome preserved the ice piles, which were used by caravans and people," he added.

Shoja said that this historical monument is situated adjacent to the city's historical Post Office (Chaparkhaneh) and Caravansary and that it was registered as a national heritage in early winter of 1996.

He noted that the ancient ice house in Abarkouh is another cultural monument in the province, which is quite old.

Abarkouh Ice House is conical in shape, made of unbaked mud brick and mud and more than 25 meters high.

"There are two more ice houses in the provincial town of Abarkouh and one in Sadouq, which dates back to Qajar era," he concluded.

Located 60 kilometers to the north of provincial capital of Yazd, Maybod is one of the most ancient historical towns of the province.




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News Source: IRNA




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