(CAIS) -- Some delicate and beautiful bronze articles
and two iron swords have been discovered during the
archeological excavations in historical site of Sang-Tarashan
(Sang-Tarâshân) in Lorestan province, without any
evidence of a grave or an architectural structure nearby.
The issue has puzzled archeologists about the usage of
Sang-Tarashan area during the first millennium BC.
Sang-Tarashan historical site in Lorestan province had
been known to be a cemetery belonging to the third Iron
Age (800 to 550 BC). However, no remains of human
skeletons have been discovered so far during the
archeological excavations. Furthermore, there are neither
any architectural remains nor any clue of temporary
habitations in the area. Nevertheless, the area is full of
delicate bronze relics.
“We have discovered a large number of unique bronze
remains and two iron swords, But there is no evidence of
graves or any architectural structure,” says Mehrdad
Malekzadeh, head of excavation team of historical site of
“We found the two swords in the same position they had
been inserted in the ground. The tips of the swords were
inserted in one spot of the ground so that the handles
formed a “V” shape. These swords are almost intact;
and considering the type of material they have been made
from, they should have belonged to special people. The
sword are 40 and 50 centimeter long,” explained
Since iron swords were much harder than bronze swords and
they could even pass through shields, they had a special
importance during the first millennium BC and only the
aristocratic class of the society could afford to have
“Contrary to other historical cemeteries in which the
discovered items are mostly clays, a large number of the
discovered dishes in this area are bronze. While only a
few number of bronze dishes such as a kind of teapot with
a duck beak were unearthed in other historical sites like
Marlik and Sialk Tepe, a large number of bronze dishes
have been discovered in this area,” explained Malekzadeh.
According to Malekzadeh, since no evidence of human
skeletons or even any tooth have been found in the area
during the archaeological excavations so far, and there
are also no remains of the dishes which were commonly
buried with the corpse during the Iron Age, historical
site of Sangtatashan could not have been a cemetery. On
the other hand, there are no architectural remains in the
area; a fact that has puzzled archeologists about the
usage of this historical site that has many delicate and
unique articles remained from the ancient times.
Due to heavy rains in the area, most of the bronze relics
have been rusted and decayed, which made it difficult for
the archeologist to dig them up.
More than 40 percent of this historical site has already
been plundered by the illegal diggers, and now the
salvation team is trying to save the rest.
Having several historical sites and cemeteries dating back
to the first millennium BC, Lorestan province in the west
is one of the most important provinces of Iran. Some
archeological excavations have been carried out in the
region by domestic and foreign archeologists who acquired
important information about the history of this area.