(CAIS) -- Studies by five linguists from the United
States, France, Russia, Denmark, and Iran on a discovered
inscription in Jiroft indicate that this Elamite script is
300 years older than that of the great civilization of
believe that Jiroft was the origin of Elamite written
language in which the writing system developed first and
was then spread across the country and reached Susa. The
discovered inscription of Jiroft is the most ancient
written script found so far.
The city of Jiroft is situated close to Halil-Rud
historical site. Halil-Rud, located on the basin of Halil-Rud
River enjoyed a rich civilization. Many stone and clay
objects as well as other historical evidence belonging to
the 3rd millennium BC have been discovered during the
archeological excavations and also the illegal diggings by
the smugglers in this area. 120 historical sites,
including that of Jiroft, have been identified in the
basin of the 400 kilometer length of Halil-Rud River.
According to archeological studies, the history of
Halil-Rud area goes back to some 3000 years ago. The
discovered stone dishes in the area belonging to the first
half of the third millennium BC point to the developed art
of carving on stones at that time.
“Five Elamite professional linguists from different
countries have studied the brick inscription discovered in
Jiroft. According to the studies, they have concluded that
this discovered inscription is 300 years older than that
found in Susa; and most probably the written language went
to Susa from this region. However, more studies are still
needed to give a final approval to this thesis,” said
professor Yousof Majid Zadeh, head of archeological
excavation team in Jiroft.
“This inscription was discovered in a palace. Although
it is not yet known which Elamite king this inscription
belongs to, it is definitely an Elamite inscription. More
studies are needed to determine the exact time in which it
was inscribed, but most probably it is the most ancient
written language. Further excavations are being carried
out to find the rest of the inscription. However, what is
obvious about this discovered inscription is that it is
older than the Elamite inscription of Susa,” explained
The inscription was carved on a brick, and only the lower
left corner of it has been remained. Although only two
lines with a few words are remained intact on this
inscription, there is no doubt that it is an Elamite
The most famous Elamite script is the Susinak inscription
which was unearthed during archeological excavations in
Susa. This inscription is most probably left from the
reign of Susinak, Elamitee king who ruled during the
second half of the first millennium BC. .
Elamite language is only partly understood by scholars. It
had no relationship to Sumerian, Semitic or Indo-European
languages, and there are no modern descendants of it.
After 3000 BC the Elamites developed a semi-pictographic
writing system called Proto-Elamite. Later the cuneiform
script was introduced.
Archeological excavations are being carried out in north
and south shores of the Halil-Rud River in order to
discover different dwellings and cemeteries in the region.
The wide plundering of the historical and archeological
relics by the smugglers led to the lost of a lot of these
invaluable evidences. Most of these historical relics were
taken out of the country. Although Iran is trying to
redeem them, some of those who have collected these relics
refuse to give them back claiming that these articles were
not made in Iran and thus don’t belong to this country.
Iranian archeologists are trying to discover more evidence
to prove Iran’s possession over these historical