Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
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Arjan Archaeological Site
Period (ca. 5,500-3,500 BCE)
15 January 2006
(CAIS) -- Discovery of new clay relics in Homayoun
Tepe which belong to Susian and Lapouei periods indicate
that the history of Arjan historical site goes back to
6500 years ago.
Arjan Elamite city is located 10 kilometers north of the
city of Behbahan in Khuzestan province.
“In this season of excavations, the most important
accomplishment of the archeology team that is working in
this site was the discovery of some relics which revealed
that settlement in Arjan historical site goes back to the
fifth millennium BC,” said Kamyar Abdi, head of
archeological team of Arjan historical site.
A grave belonging to the New Elamite era was discovered
during the construction of a dam on Maroon River in fall
1982. The grave belongs to Kidin Hutran, an Elamite king
who ruled during the seventh century BC. A very unique and
remarkable gold ring with the design of two winged lions
on two sides of a holly tree was also discovered in this
grave. On this ring, a phrase written in the Elamite
cuneiform is evident which reads: “Kidin Hutran son of
“Some clay relics belonging to the New Susan era (about
4500 years BC) and the Lapoyi era were found in Homayoon
Tepe. In addition, remains of a kind of special clay from
the beginning of the writing period (around 3500 BC) were
discovered during the 1970s in Tal Sabz (a pre-historical
site five kilometers east of Arjan). All of these
discoveries indicate to a continuous settlement in
Behbahan plain for some 6500 years,” explained Abdi.
“Arjan site consisted of two old and new areas. Due to
the construction activities of Shohada Dam on Maroon
River, most parts of the old area which is located on the
basin of this river were destroyed. However, studies on
this historical site indicate that the old region was an
active settlement during the Elamite period (about 2000
BC) and Achaemenid era (about 300 BC). According to
historical documents, the new area was established a few
kilometers from the old area by the order of Qobad I,
Sassanid king (499-531 AD),” added Abdi.
Arjan historical site was a flourished city during the
ancient times which stayed alive until the beginning of
the Islamic period, based on the historical evidence, it
was a very affluent city which covered a vast area that
extended to the southern mountain-skirts of Zagros. The
city underwent a lot of changes and got into conflicts
with Al-e Bouye dynasty. Arjan was devastated by an
earthquake in 1085 AD. Those who survived from the
earthquake migrated toward the south of the area and
established today’s Behbahan city.
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British Institute of Persian Studies