(CAIS) -- The first season of archeological
excavations in Kaluraz Tepe in Gilan province led to the
discovery of the first architectural plan belonging to the
Iron Age (1350-800 BC).There is a construction with big
halls and several rooms in this historical site.
Kaluraz Tepe is one of the most important historical sites
in Gilan in which for the first time an architectural plan
dating back to the first millennium BC was discovered.
This historical site is located in Rostam-Abad and
recently archeologists have succeeded to find the
architectural remains dates back from Iron-Age to Parthian
“During this season of excavation we succeeded in
discovering architectural remains belonging to the
Parthian dynasty, and some intricate rooms. We also found
out that the hill is surrounded by a 2-meter-wide shell
keep,” said Mohammad Reza Khalatbari, director of the
prehistoric unit of the Archeological Research Center and
head of Kaluraz excavation team.
“Architectural units, with halls in different sizes, are
situated near the shell keep of the complex. The heater
system, located at the central part of the hall, consisted
of some brick bake ovens (tanoors) underneath the floor,
the walls of which have been whitened by the heat of fire.
Some jars have been discovered near these ovens.
Archeologists believe that they might have been used in
Korsies (a low, square table, covered with a thick
blanket hanging over the table on all sides. A container
with hot coals is placed under the table to keep everyone
warm),” added Khalatbari.
Some living rooms with 38x38x10 brick floors have been
found in these halls. In some other architectural areas,
baking ovens and garbage cans have also been discovered.
According to Khalatbari, some dishes which have remained
almost intact and belong to the second half of the first
millennium BC have been discovered under the floors of the
rooms. The discovered architectural areas are mostly clays
while stones have been used in the construction of some
parts as well.
“This is the first architectural plan which has been
discovered from the inhabitants of the first millennium BC
in Gilan province, which is a turning point in Gilans’s
archeological studies,” explained Khalatbari.
Archeological evidence and the remains of the enormous
clays under the floors of the rooms indicate that this
historical site was a residential area for a period of
time at the end of the Parthian era. Moreover, stones were
added to this construction during this period which
resulted in some changes in the previous earthen
architectural style of Kaluraz Tepe.