LONDON, (CAIS) -- A new architectural style was
discovered during the archeological excavations in the
residential area of Burnt City which had never been seen
before in this historical site.
The ninth season of excavations finished in the Burnet
City, while during this season, in addition to the
cemetery, the residential areas were excavated as well.
Archeologists were faced with new architectural styles in
this 5,000-year-old historical site during this season of
“Archeological excavations in workshop no. 6, which is
in the remains of a building, resulted in the discovery of
a new architectural style in Burnt City, in which wood was
used in different architectural layers,” said Mansour
Sajadi, head of excavations team in Burnt City.
“A 90-centimeter-wall has been discovered, on the
surface of which some horizontal woods were used. Some
mortar and mud were used in the construction of the wall
to cover the wood chips,” explained Sajadi.
Prior to this, some 100-120 centimeter walls had been
discovered in Burnt City historical site. However, in none
of them traces of wood chips were found.
This is the first time such architectural style has been
discovered in Burnt City historical site; nevertheless it
is similar to architectural style of the mid-Islamic
period. Such architectural style can also be seen in the
construction of the Jame Mosque in Masouleh village in
Gilan province, which was intended to strengthen the
building against earthquakes.
In this architectural style which has been abandoned since
Safavid era, the woods used in the construction of the
building prevent transforming of the earthquake vibrations
to other layers of the wall and therefore save the
construction from collapsing.
“We are still not sure about the reason for using this
architectural style in Burnt City. If it was meant to
strengthen the buildings against earthquake, this
architectural style must have been used in other
constructions of Burnt City as well, while such method has
not even be seen even in the Burnt City castle. Moreover,
the Italian archeological team, who had carried out a lot
of excavations in this historical site, would have at
least given some report in this respect if such
architectural style had been observed before,” said
Burnt City (Shahr-e Sukhteh), located in Sistan va
Baluchistan province in southeast of Iran, is a 5,000 year
old ancient site with historical graveyards and
architectural structures. The city was once the habitat of
a developed civilization with a rich culture and economy.
Studies show that the site was once the center of
international trade. The first archeological excavations
at this site were carried out by the Italians, later on
followed by the Iranians. The site has so far undergone 9
seasons of excavations, which have led to the discovery of
some interesting articles such as the oldest backgammon of
the world, the first animated feature of the world, and
some edible seeds such as caraway, wheat, barley, grape,