(CAIS) -- The initial excavations in the west bank of
Sefidrud River in Gilan province resulted in the discovery
of some stone tools belonging to the Palaeolithic period,
dated back to 400,000 years ago.
Gilan province, known as “paradise of human beings”
for its green nature and dazzling beauty, has been a
settlement area for over a hundred thousand years. Recent
discoveries in the caves and also in Rostam Abad area in
Gilan province are all proof of this claim. Latest
scientific studies and fieldworks in the vicinity of
Sefidrud River reveal the existence of a rich culture in
this region some hundred thousand years ago.
“The discoveries in Gang-Par historical site near Rostam
Abad in 2002 were followed by more excavations and studies
in Gilan Province. Some stone tools belonging to the
Ashuli civilization were discovered during these
excavations. The most ancient Ashuli cultural evidences
were discovered in east of Africa and Palestine which all
date back to some one million to one and half million
years ago,” said Fereydoun Biglari, curator of
Paleolithic Department of Iran’s National Museum.
“Discovery of Ashuli stone instruments in Gilan province
indicate that the Ashulies brought in this industry with
themselves when they migrated to West Asia and north of
Iran from Africa, around one and half to two million years
ago,” added Biglari.
According to Biglari, the plain of Rostam Abad had a
higher altitude in the ancient times, but that water
stream gradually washed away the basins of Sefidrud River
and moved the rocks and sediments down the river. This
caused the river to widen and cut down deeper into the
lower rocky layers. Geological studies on these layers
indicate that they go back to the Ice Age, some two
million years to 10,000 years ago. The newly found stone
instruments were discovered in one of these layers left by
“Considering that the bed of the river corresponds to
the most recent period in its history, we are performing
our studies on the upper layers of Sefidrud River. It is
supposed that with further scientific studies on the upper
layers of the river, more ancient stone tools belonging to
the people of the Paleolithic epoch would be discovered in
Gilan province,” explained Biglari.
Basins of rivers had always been centers of human
settlements in the course of history. Sefidrud, the most
important river of Gilan, divided the province into two
west and east sections. Due to this division, various
cultures were formed on each side of the river in
present-day Gilan province.
Ashuli culture is an ancient one dating back to some one
and half million to 250 thousand years ago. It was formed
in east of Africa and then was spread to Palestine, Syria,
Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Caucasian region, Armenia, Georgia,
and the Indian Peninsula with the migration of Ashuli
tribe. Archeologists believe that the discovered stone
tools in the Sefidrud River bank belong to some 400,000
years ago during the time this tribe was living there.