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29,000 Years of Human Settlements in Mazandaran


07 July 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- A team of Franco-Iranian archeologists and anthropologists recently have excavated in Mazandaran province to search for evidence of human settlements.

Initial studies in the city of Amol show that the existence of human beings in this province dates back to 29,000 years ago. Vali Cholabi, head of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Office of Amol, said that the excavations were carried out by the joint Iranian-French team for one month in the city of Amol which resulted in discovery of traces of human beings during the Paleolithic epoch in this area.

“This joint team consisted of 10 Iranian and French archeologists and anthropologists, with the participation of Farzad Forouzanfar, anthropologist of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Iran, a French professor from Sorbonne University, under the supervision of Asgari from University of Tehran. This team of experts carried out excavations in the eastern bank of Garm Rud River in Bolboran Village which dates back to the Quaternary period [1] (last two million years up to the present day),” explained Cholabi.

According to head of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Office of Amol, the discovered evidence such as stone instruments, all indicate that unlike results from the previous studies in Central Alborz area, the existence of human beings in this area most probably goes back to 29,000 years ago.

“The existence of first human beings in the area was approved to a great extent during the studies for finding out the mystery of human beings during the Paleolithic era in this region which had been started in 2005 and resulted in discovery of 200 objects including stone instruments and bone fragments.




1. The exact duration is a matter of debate with estimates of the onset of the Quaternary Period placed at between 1.8 million years and 2.6 million years by different authors) The Quaternary and the Tertiary Periods together form the Cenozoic Era. The Quaternary can be subdivided into two epochs; the Pleistocene (two million years to ten thousand years ago) and the Holocene (ten thousand years ago to the present day.






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News Source:  CHN

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