Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©
Years of Human Settlements in Mazandaran
07 July 2006
(CAIS) -- A team of Franco-Iranian archeologists and
anthropologists recently have excavated in Mazandaran province to search for
evidence of human settlements.
Initial studies in the city of Amol show that the existence of human beings in
this province dates back to 29,000 years ago. Vali Cholabi, head of the Cultural
Heritage and Tourism Office of Amol, said that the excavations were carried out
by the joint Iranian-French team for one month in the city of Amol which
resulted in discovery of traces of human beings during the Paleolithic epoch in
“This joint team consisted of 10 Iranian and French archeologists and
anthropologists, with the participation of Farzad Forouzanfar, anthropologist of
the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Iran, a French professor from
Sorbonne University, under the supervision of Asgari from University of Tehran.
This team of experts carried out excavations in the eastern bank of Garm Rud
River in Bolboran Village which dates back to the Quaternary period 
(last two million years up to the present day),” explained Cholabi.
According to head of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Office of Amol, the
discovered evidence such as stone instruments, all indicate that unlike results
from the previous studies in Central Alborz area, the existence of human beings
in this area most probably goes back to 29,000 years ago.
“The existence of first human beings in the area was approved to a great
extent during the studies for finding out the mystery of human beings during the
Paleolithic era in this region which had been started in 2005 and resulted in
discovery of 200 objects including stone instruments and bone fragments.
The exact duration is a matter of debate with estimates of the onset of the
Quaternary Period placed at between 1.8 million years and 2.6 million years by
different authors) The Quaternary and the Tertiary Periods together form the
Cenozoic Era. The Quaternary can be subdivided into two epochs; the Pleistocene
(two million years to ten thousand years ago) and the Holocene (ten thousand
years ago to the present day.
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