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Railroad Destroys the 6000-Year-Old Yagut Tepe


13 July 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Every morning a train passes over the ancient site of Yagut Tepe, in Mazandaran province, which dates back to 4000 BCE. This is while the North Railway authorities have prevented the archeologists from working on this site to save the ancient evidence, currently threatened by the passing of the train.

“The North Railway which was constructed during the time of Reza Shah (1925-1941), the founder of Pahlavi dynasty. Now the authorities are not only intending to expand the railway, they also have stopped the salvation activities of a teams of experts and archeology students from Savad Kuh University who had started their excavations in this area 10 days ago,” said Ali Mahforouzi, head of archeology office of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department of Mazandaran province. The archeology team was prohibited from doing further activities in the area two days ago.

According to Mahforouzi, expanding the railway to Amir Abad Port, which is the other program initiated and is about to be put forward by the authorities, will result in complete destruction of Yagut Tepe historical hill and evidence of its 5000-year-old civilization.

“While the archeology team has repeatedly served the railway authorities with legal papers, to carry out excavations in this historical site, their activities have been interrupted with the activities of railroad constructions,” added Mahforouzi.

Mahforouzi said that archeological evidence indicates the existence of an industrial zone in Yagut Tepe historical site during the ancient times. “After this short period of archeological excavations in Yarut Tepe historical site, we concluded that Yagut Tepe could have been one of the satellite areas of Gohar Tepe historical site. Large number of furnaces, discovered so far in the lower layers of the region, show the existence of an industrial area in this historical site in the far past and revealed that Yagut Tepe must have been an industrial zone which was influenced by the civilization that existed in Gohar Tepe,” explained Mahforouzi.

70 years ago, construction of the North Railway had destroyed a large area of Yagut Tepe historical site. Extending the railway to a larger area would completely destroy the remaining parts of this ancient site and archeologists are trying to prevent the repetition of such tragedy. 


When the train tracks were being installed in 1920s for the first time, the authorities were not aware of the existence of such historic site, but now after the studies carried out by experts have proved the site as an ancient place where thousands of years of civilizations can be traced, there is no excuse to continue on with this project and destroy the entire area.







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Source: CHN


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