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Fortress to become a Tourist Attraction
30 July 2006
(CAIS) -- Iraj Fortress, the world’s largest adobe
fortress located in Varamin, 40 kms southeast of Tehran, will soon be restored
and transformed into a tourism hub.
After many years of neglect, the fort is set to become a key cultural
The fortress is 1,800 meters long and 1,200 meters wide while its walls are 8-12
meters thick. The bricks used in the construction of the walls measure 12x46x46
The fortress which is considered as the world’s largest adobe fortification is
situated on the north of Varamin-Pishva road. The fortress has a gateway on each
Despite the importance of this historical fortress, it has been neglected by the
authority and no research has been conducted on it so far, keeping in tact the
mysteries behind the fortress which is surrounded by farmland.
Head of Varamin Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department told Iran Daily that
some attribute the monument to the Sasanid dynastic era (224-651 CE) while
others say it even goes back to the Arsacid Dynasty (248 BCE - 224 CE).
Nader Shirkavand further said that the edifice, which is now publicly known as
Gabri Fortress, has been mentioned in Avesta as Warna, meaning quadrangle and it
was the birthplace of mythical Shah Fereydoun, slayer of Zahhak the Arab.
(Related story extensively dealt with in Shahnameh, the Book of Kings, an epic
work by the well-known Iranian poet Master Ferdowsi of Tus).
He added that the fort was considered in the past as one of the reliable
military fortifications in the world. Shirkavand noted that despite its
antiquity, it has remained well-preserved and its gates are in good conditions.
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