& CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©
of Discovered Satellite Villages of the Burnt City Reached to 166
31 July 2006
(CAIS) -- By discovery of another 29 historical hills in the
vicinity of the Burnt City (Shahr-e Sukhteh),
the number of satellite villages in this 5000-year old historical city reached
to 166. This is while until 30 years ago and during the archeological
excavations by the Italian team, only 40 satellite villages had been identified.
Currently, archeologists have reached to the borders of Iran and Afghanistan and
they are anticipating the possible discovery of more satellite villages in the
perimeters of Afghanistan, once part of Iran.
“Despite the scorching
hot weather which got to 50 degrees Celsius sometimes, we continued the
excavations to the border of Iran and Afghanistan and succeeded in identifying
29 more historical hills and satellite villages in the vicinity of the Burnt
City. The trend of excavations shows a remarkable speed. Almost 10 historical
hills and areas were discovered and announced every week to be registered in the
list of provincial council,” said Alireza Khosravi, head of the Cultural
Heritage and Tourism Office of the Burnt City.
Prior to this, 137
archeological hills had been discovered in the vicinity of this historical city
by the excavation team of Burnt City. Archeologists believe that these
discovered hills should have been villages which were inhabited by people during
the ancient times.
Khosravi believes that
as it was predicted before, the recent discoveries show that the extent of the
Burnt City went beyond Iran’s borders and the traces of which can be found in
Afghanistan if the excavations continue.
The recent discovered
areas are located at 6 to 8 kilometers of the Burnt City and the discovered
clays and other cultural objects show a similarity with those which had
previously been found in this historic site.
Located 57 kilometers
from Zabol in Sistan va Baluchestan province, the Burnt City covers an area of
180 hectares and was one of the world’s largest cities in the third millennium
in 3200 BCE.
shows that the city experienced four stages of civilization and was burnt down
three times, which is why it is called “Shahr-e
(Burnt City). Archeologists are now
certain that the inhabitants of the ancient city were highly skilled in
textile-weaving, painting on dishes, and stonecutting, and also enjoyed a varied
diet. The images of a
(Persian desert ibex) on an earthen goblet which portray the goat jumping
toward a tree and eating its leaves in different positions found in Burnt City
is known to be the first animation design in the world.
Still the fate of the
inhabitants of the Burnt City and whether they migrated elsewhere or somehow
mysteriously died in this city have remained unanswered to this date.
“Some of the
discovered areas during these excavations belong to the time after the
destruction of the Burnt City. Probably the inhabitants of the Burnt City
migrated to these places after their city could no longer be inhabited,” said
revealed that Burnt City was an important center of civilization and trade some
5000 years ago. Situated in the heart of Iran’s eastern desert, Burnt City is
regarded as a crucial historical site in the eastern Iranian Plateau. The
remnants of the ancient city which have been studied so far during
nine backgammon which is
believed to be the most ancient one of its kind in the world.
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