Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©
Ancient Hills Discovered in Burnt City
19 June 2006
(CAIS) -- Archaeological excavations in Burnt City (Shahr-e
Sukhteh) led to discovery of eight pre-historic and two historic hills. With
this discovery, the number of discovered hills in this region reached to 137.
“The excavation team succeeded in discovery of 10 historic hills near Burnt
City. These hills are located 8 kilometres from the Burnt City and it seems that
most of them must have been satellite villages of this city. Discovery of an
oilstone in one of these historical hills which is very similar to those
previously found in the Achaemenid city of Dahaneh-e Gholaman in Sistan province
has strengthened the idea that this historic hill must have belonged to the
Achaemenid era,” said Alireza Khosravi, head of the office of Cultural
Heritage and Tourism Organization in the Burnt City.
Archaeological evidence shows that Dahaneh Gholaman historical site dates back
to the Achaemenid era (580-330 BCE) and is considered one of the very few known
Achaemenid sites in Iran. Remains of several religious and governmental
complexes of the Achaemenid dynastic era are still evident in this city. It
consists of buildings set up above agricultural lands so that the houses would
be protected against the threat of seasonal floods caused by the nearby Hirmand
“A number of questions still exist about what happened to the people of this
historical city after they abandoned the Burnt City. Archaeologists are trying
to find traces of their migration,” added Khosravi.
According to Khosravi, it is believed that 700 historical hills must have
existed near the Burnt City, while only 137 of them have been identified so far.
Burnt City, located some 55 kilometres off Zabol in the southeastern Sistan va
Baluchestan province, was once one of the largest cities around 3200 BCE and
enjoyed a high civilization and urbanization at that time. The city had four
stages of civilization and was burnt down three times. Since it was not rebuilt
after the last blaze around 2100 BCE, it was named the Burnt City. Despite nine
seasons of archaeological excavations in this ancient site, myriad mysteries
have remained unravelled.
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British Institute of Persian Studies