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CAIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©

 

Sun’s Rebirth-Celebrations at Niasar' Sasanian Observatory 

 

22 June 2006

 

 

 

Niyasar Fire-Temple1.gif (97395 bytes)LONDON, (CAIS) -- Sasanian Chahar Taqi-e Niasar, near Kashan in Esfahan province, is one of the most well-preserved historical monuments in Iran which was registered as a national heritage under No. 316 in 1938.


The monument was used during the Sasanian dynastic era as an observatory as well as a fire-temple to study the movements of the sun in the early days of the summer and winter, wrote the Persian daily Jam-e Jam.


In keeping with the Iranian tradition, each year, Niasar Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department organizes a ceremony for Iranian pilgrims to mark the observance of sun’s birth in the early days of the two seasons.


Some of the ancient customs which have survived to the present day include the summer festival which begins with the summer solstice and is also observed in the cities of Farahan and Arak, both in Markazi province.


Another feast, which has gone into oblivion and still remains largely unknown, is called ’Lotus Feast’--a reference to which was made in ’Athar-ul Baqieh’ by the well-known Iranian polymath Abu-Reyhan Birouni. The feast may have been linked to the blooming of flowers in the summer.


Pârseh, an ancient Zoroastrian festival is the third event which is observed on the first day of Iranian month Tir (June 22) marking the beginning of summer.


This year, the ceremony to observe the sighting of the sun on the first day of summer will also be held in cooperation with Niasar Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department and Niasar Municipality.


 

 

 

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