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Remnants of 5,000 Years Settlement Found in Bolaghi Valley


28 June 2006




Prehistoric settlement in Bolaghi valley.jpg (148003 bytes)

  The remains of the earliest settlement in Bolaghi Valley (Click to enlarge)


LONDON, (CAIS) -- Third round of archaeological excavations at an Achaemenid village in Bolaghi Valley has led to the discovery of six generations of settlements ranging from the pre-historic era to the post-Achaemenid period (330-248 BCE), the most ancient of which dates back to 3,000 BCE.

Director of the joint Irano-Italian team, Alireza Asgari told Persian Service of CHN that three rounds of archaeological activities have so far been conducted in the area 76 of Bolaghi Valley as well as the vicinity of the Achaemenid village, revealing signs of pre-historic settlements from 5,000 years ago.

Archaeologists have so far identified more than 30 homes or chambers in the area.

Asgari further stated that out of the six generations of settlements, one belongs to the pre-historic era and five to the Achaemenid and pre-Achaemenid periods.

According to him, a piece of stone, which could have been used as the base of wooden pillars, is one of the most important findings of third season of excavations.


“Two stone beads, a spinning wheel, a marble bowl, and some arrow-heads belonging to the Achaemenids dynasty and post-Achaemenid period are the other discoveries in area no. 76 of Bolaghi valley,” said Asgari.

Area no. 76 is one of the most prominent historical sites of Bolaghi Valley which has been unearthed so far. Implementing different methods in the science of archaeology in studying the characteristics of this historical site has revealed a lot of information about the lifestyle of the Iranians during the Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330 BCE).


“Remains of the bones of some animals such as horse, pig and deer have been identified in the soil of the region through special tests carried out by zooarcheologists. These animals were part of their diets,” he concluded.

The 18-kilometer Bolaghi Gorge is located 9 kilometres from the world heritage site of Pasargadae and is considered part of its landscape. Archaeological excavations started in Bolaghi Valley when it was announced that the inundation of the newly constructed Sivand Dam by the Islamic regime would destroy the pre-Islamic Iranian heritage. 


The salvation project in Bolaghi Valley started with the engagement of number of Iranian and eight international teams almost two years ago and continues to this day.





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