Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
& CULTURAL NEWS OF IRANIAN WORLD©
Mass Grave Discovered in Bolaghi Valley
01 May 2006
(CAIS) -- Archaeological excavations in Bolaghi Valley
historical site led to the discovery of the remains of three skeletons dating
back to 5,000 BCE in a single grave in the area number 131 at the closest point
to the Sivand Dam.
“Existence of three skulls and disordered bones shows that it must have been a
mass grave. The discovered clays in this grave indicate that the skeletons found
here belong to the Bakun era (fifth to fourth millennium BCE). This mass grave
was discovered in area number 131 which is the closest archaeological site to
the Sivand Dam. Two big and two small clay dishes have also been found in this
grave,” said Mojgan Seyedein, Iranian head of the Iranian-German joint archaeology
team in Bolaghi Valley.
Prior to this, the remains of a skeleton of a young girl belonging to the Bukan
era was discovered in area number 73 also by the joint Iranian-German team.
According to her, the only difference between the skeletons found recently with
that of the girl is that the skeleton of the girl was discovered almost intact
while the ones which were discovered in their latest excavations are fragmented.
“Just like the skeleton of the young girl which was discovered in the area
number 73, the remains of these three skeletons show that they were buried in a
northwest to southeast direction, and some stone and bone beads similar to those
discovered earlier in the grave of the girl have been found in this mass grave
as well,” explained Seyedein.
Archaeological studies are still continuing to determine the gender of these
skeletons. These are the first 7,000-year-old skeletons which have been
discovered during the archaeological excavations in Bolaghi Valley so far.
Iranian-German joint archaeology team has continued its excavations in Bolaghi Valley
historical site since winter 2006 under the supervision of Mojgan Seyedein from
Iran and Barbara Helwing from Germany. Due to the discovery of a new area near
Sivand Dam which is believed to have been a settlement area belonging to the
fifth millennium BCE, the team will continue their excavations until the end of
May. Up until now, the joint team of archaeologists has discovered 5 clay ovens
belonging to the fifth millennium BCE in area number 73.
The 18-kilometer Bolaghi Valley is located 9 kilometres from the world heritage
site of Pasargadae and is considered part of its landscape. Archaeological
excavations in Bolaghi Valley started when experts learned of the hazards the
newly constructed Sivand Dam poses to this historical site. However, based on an
agreement between Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization and the
dam authorities, the Sivand Dam has to wait for the archaeologists to finish
their excavations before it floods the area.
is the Light on the Path to Future"
British Institute of Persian Studies