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Esfahan's Gavkhooni Swamp Shrinks to One-Tenth Since Antiquity


20 May 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Studies on Gavkhooni (Gâvkhuni) Swamp in southeast of Esfahan near Zayandeh-Roud River will continue during the current Iranian year (started March 21), a senior official with the provincial Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department stated.

Talking to ILNA, head of the department’s Archaeology Office said the ancient site had been placed on the radar screen of archaeologists last year. More archaeological excavations revealed that in ancient times Gavkhooni Swamp was in fact extended over a vast tract of land much larger than its current size.

Experts estimate that during fourth and fifth millenniums BCE, Gavkhooni Swamp was ten times larger than what it is at present.

“Gavkhooni which had been a huge lake in ancient times gradually dried up and was changed into the present swamp,“ Mohsen Jaberi, explained.

According to him, various civilizations settled in the area from the fifth millennium BCE up until the mid-post-Sasanid era.

Objects found in a historic site excavated near Gavkhooni Swamp recently suggest that the first communities had settled in the area during the prehistoric period and most probably in the Neolithic Age (some 10,000 years ago).

Last year, archaeologists came across a Neolithic site near Gavkhooni Swamp.

Throughout history, civilizations have always been established along riverbanks. Therefore, it is probable that ancient civilizations had been formed along the banks of Zayandeh-Roud River.

Meanwhile, he said that excavations would continue in Ashena Hill of Chadegan. Second season of archeological activities will also be carried out at Hassan Abad’s caves. The office has plans to conduct archaeological surveys on Freydunshahr, Chadegan as well as Shahreza.






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