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Case Construction for Preservation of the Fourth Salt Mummy


24 May 2006



LONDON, (CAIS) -- After completing the urgent activities for the preservation of the Fourth Natural Mummy of the Zanjan Salt Mine, a research was done for permanently preserving this unique historical object.

This work was begun by the Research Centre for Conservation of Cultural Relics and Zanjan's Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ZCHTO). Preparing a controllable, balanced atmosphere with adequate temperature, humidity and lighting on the one hand and on the other hand presenting this object for display, was the goal of the study.

The existence of various materials with different physical and chemical structures, such as human tissues, clothing made of wool and leather, pottery and an iron knife; makes this work more complex.

Except for the pottery which is very durable in most environmental conditions, the other materials are sensitive and vulnerable to pollutants and fluctuations in temperature and humidity. Among the more important elements considered was the expansion and contraction resulting from many and long-term changes in the immediate environment of the mummy and its belongings which can damage the dry tissues of the corpse and leather clothing.

Also it opens the way for biological factors to become active. Oxygen and humidity are import factors for corrosion of iron present in this group, that is, for the knife. The conclusion of the study and research and investigation of using an oxygen free environment (anoxy-nitrogen) along with consultation with experts in conservation, restoration and industrial design resulted in making a special case for the mummy that would satisfy the requirements.

After transferring this case from the Research Centre to the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization of Zanjan and is installed in the Zanjan Museum, the Fourth Salt Man of Zanjan will be better preserved and will be ready for display. Controlling and maintaining an optimum condition (temperature, lighting, humidity, pollutants, security systems, etc.) in the museum, the preservation of this relic will be better insured.





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Extracted From/Source*: Research Centre for Conservation of Cultural Relics (RCCCR)


*Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.


All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.



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