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.CAIS NEWS©

ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS OF THE IRANIAN WORLD

 

Dam Inundation Forced Archeologists to Abandon

7000-Year-Old Mehr-Ali Farsi Hill

 

05 November 2006

 

 

 

LONDON, (CAIS -- edited by Shapour Suren-Pahlav) -- With the inundation of Mullahh Sadra Dam built by Islamic Republic near historical site of Mehr-Ali Farsi Tappeh in Fars province, archeologists had to give up their excavations in this prehistoric site which was a populated village 7000 years ago. During emergency archeological excavations in this ancient hill, archeologists succeeded in unearthing a number of historic relics dated as far back as the 5th millennium BCE.

 

This historical hill has now submerged up to two meters by the Dam’s reservoir and archeologists were not able to reach to the lower layers of the ground in this ancient hill. Azizollah Rezayi, head of the excavation team in Mehr-Ali Farsi Tappeh behind Mullah Sadra dam, announced that archeologists had to abandon this historical site completely once the Dam was flooded.

 

Archeological excavations in Mehr-Ali Farsi Tappeh had previously resulted in the discovery of three prehistoric clay kilns in the area, built most probably for making special kinds of earthenware. “The kilns were equipped with a brazier which led to some holes. Sands were placed on the other end of the holes and then clays were placed on the top. The heat passed through the holes from the brazier and baked the clays,” explained Rezayi about the discovered kilns.

 

The Mullah Sadra Dam was constructed by Islamic Republic's Fars Regional Water Organization which carried the plan without coordinating with Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO). During the construction process, the Iranian cultural heritage experts warned many times about the dangers the new dam would pose to the historic site of Mehr Ali Farsi which is located right behind it. On the other hand, the Ministry of Energy was expected to pay for rescue excavations behind the Dam and not allow the Regional Water Organization start the inundation of the Dam prior to obtaining an approval from ICHTO. None of these ever happened and the dam was purposely inaugurated without prior notice, in order to destroy ancient Iranian heritage.

 

According to Rezayi, most often in archeological hills the historic evidence can be found two meters below the surface of the ground. This is while the surface of the hill had already been covered with water when archeologists started their excavations in this prehistoric site. Therefore, the trenches they made were filled with water and made continuation of excavations impossible.

 

Yet, according to Rezayi, archeologists succeeded in excavating the surface layers of the hill which is dated back to the Bakun culture (the fifth and fourth millennia BCE). The results of the excavations strengthened the possibility of the existence of a pre-historic village on this hill.

 

The height of Mehr-Ali Farsi Tappeh is about 10 meters, 8 meters of which has not yet submerged in water. However, since the raining season has already started in the region, the reservoir of the dam will be filled much more quickly and the water will rise an additional 4 meters in a near future.

 

According to Rezayi, there are two other historical hills near Mehr-Ali Farsi which must be excavated before they drown too.

 

Mehr-Ali Farsi is one of Iran’s most significant archeological sites, located in Fars province. Archeologists believe that studies on this ancient hill could provide answers to many questions about the prehistoric period in Fars province. Despite the fact that this historical site had been identified before inundation of Mullah Sadra Dam, the authorities of the dam neglected the necessity for excavations in this area and started the flooding of the dam in a very short time.

 

According to an expert of ICHTO, some 42 ancient sites from the Elamite period (3400 BCE-550 BCE), to Achaemenid (550 BCE–330 BCE), Parthian (248 BCE– 224 CE), and Sasanian (224–651 CE) dynastic eras and afterwards will be submerged by the inundation of Salman-e Farsi, Mullah Sadra, and Marvdasht dams in Fars province.

 

The Islamic regime's destructive track records speak for itself and there are countless reasons for the cultural terrorism in motion by the clerics in power. The Islamic regime is not only the enemy of pre-Islamic Iran, but the humanity and world heritage in general. The Islamic regime's ultimate objective is the destruction of everything in the world that is good and leaving behind a network of Islamic terror around the free world.  

 

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