The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- A team of Iranian archaeologists working at the Gandab ancient cemetery near the city of Semnan have unearthed skulls of various shapes during the third phase of excavations, which is currently underway at the site.
team discovered dolichocephalic (long skulls), mesocephalic (medium skulls), and
brachycephalic (short-headed or broad skulls).
are classified based on the shapes of their skulls, which determine the race of
the ethnic groups living in a certain region. We discovered humans with long
skulls, medium skulls, and short-headed (skulls), which raise many questions for
us,” team director Farzad Foruzanfar told the Persian service of CHN on
variety of races is rarely seen in a cemetery, so the Gandab cemetery is an
exceptional ancient graveyard of our country,” he added.
Gandab cemetery, which is located 50 kilometers northeast of the city of Semnan,
dates back to the first millennium BCE.
began the third phase of excavations in order to study the various styles of
burials and to determine the size of the cemetery. The cemetery was much wider
than we originally thought, so we made numerous trenches, which led us to the
graves with different burial styles,” Foruzanfar explained.
new discoveries changed the team’s ordering of the graves and classification
of the burial types in the cemetery, he noted.
team has discovered skeletons buried in squatting and supine positions in graves
of various construction, he added.
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