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The Great Wall of Gorgan to be Nominated for UNESCO' World Heritage List


15 November 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Great Wall of Gorgan, the most ancient and the longest wall in the Iranian World, will be put up for world registration in UNESCO’s Heritage list. 


Based on a decision by members of Cultural Committee of the High Council for Cultural Heritage of the Iranian Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO), information on this historic wall will be compiled in a single file to be submitted to UNESCO for registration in its temporary list as the first step toward its world registration.


The Great Wall of Gorgan, otherwise known as Gorgan’s Defense Wall, is extended for 200 kilometers in the southern coasts of the Caspian Sea. Archeological evidence suggests that it was built during the Sassanid dynastic era (224–651 CE), although most archeologists date it to a historic period earlier and believe that it was constructed during the Parthian dynastic period (248 BCE–224 CE) to protect mainland Iran from nomads from the north. The wall was later restored during the Sassanid dynasty which is why evidence from this historic period abounds in the architecture of the wall.


According to Hamid Omrani, director of the Great Wall of Gorgan’s Research Center, the unique architecture and overall outlook of the Great Wall of Gorgan are the most significant features it enjoys which show that it has the potentials for being proposed as a world heritage. As the first steps in doing so, not only must the extent of the wall be clearly determined, archeologists need to prepare and submit a topographic map of the wall and its surrounding site. However, Omrani said that lack of funding has considerably slowed down the progress.


“The wall is entirely made of brick and adobe. It consists of military castles, a dam, brick kilns, a trench, and water channels for directing the water to the trench and kilns as well as the farming lands. Thus the Wall’s architectural style, defensive structure, and water management are considered its outstanding traits,” added Omrani.


He also noted that introducing a historic monument as a world heritage will certainly help preserving it: “Although the Great Wall of Gorgan has seen irreplaceable damages throughout the centuries, we hope that its world registration could direct attentions to this historic monument to fully protect it.”


At the end, Omrani stressed that there are a number of other historic monuments in the northern city of Gorgan which are equally important to gain world recognition.


Comparable to the Great Wall of China, Gorgan’s Defensive Wall has a cultural-historic importance and speaks of the rich civilization which once populated the northern regions of Iran. Some archeologists believe that the two historical walls were constructed during the same period of history.


Recently, the extent of the Great Wall of Gorgan was traced in the waters of the Caspian Sea, buried in sediments. Archeologists are determined to continue their quest to find out more about this stunning architectural masterpiece.




Extracted From/Source: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.



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