The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- Further historical evidence of the existence of urban life during the Iron Age (1500-550 BCE) in north of Iran-proper has been found during archaeological excavations in the 5000-year-old historic site of Gohar Tepe. With discovery of a 200-squre-meter area containing the remains of a number of kilns in Gohar Tepe, archaeologists have concluded that they have succeeded in discovery of a main industrial centre for clay production in the area, which brings to light the booming of urbanization in the area during the Iron Age.
on the importance of this historic area, Ali Mahforouzi, archaeologist and head
of excavation team in Gohar Tepe, said: “With discovery of urbanization clues
belonging to the Iron Age, archaeologists
have succeeded in finding answers to many questions which had been left open
to Mahforouzi, during the final days of excavations in Gohar Tepe,
archaeologists have discovered a 200-meter area containing large amount of clay
remains and some kilns, which had never been seen before in any historical site
of Mazandaran province. “Discovery of the remains of some residential
settlements, most probably belonging to the pottery makers, in the area together
with the kilns reveals the existence of urban life in the area some 5000 years
ago,” added Mahforouzi.
evidence shows that urbanization started in Gohar Tepe from the third millennium
BCE with the migration of different ethnicities to the area. Unlike many other
historic sites of Iran, urbanization in northern Iran does not begin with the
Bronze Age; rather the urban life flourished in this area during the Iron Age.
until now, the remains of four kilns have been discovered in this 200-meter
area. However, archaeologists believe that further excavations in this region
would result in unearthing more kilns.
The historic site of Gohar Tepe is located in the eastern parts of Mazandaran province, north of Iran. Evidence shows that from 7000 years ago to the first millenniums BCE, large number of people lived in the region, enjoying an urban life since the third millennium BCE. Discovery of architectural structures as well as large numbers of graves with different burial methods observed in this region all point to the existence of continual life in this historic site during different periods of history.
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