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Main Pottery Production Center of Gohar Tepe Discovered


19 November 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Further historical evidence of the existence of urban life during the Iron Age (1500-550 BCE) in north of Iran-proper has been found during archaeological excavations in the 5000-year-old historic site of Gohar Tepe. With discovery of a 200-squre-meter area containing the remains of a number of kilns in Gohar Tepe, archaeologists have concluded that they have succeeded in discovery of a main industrial centre for clay production in the area, which brings to light the booming of urbanization in the area during the Iron Age.


Commenting on the importance of this historic area, Ali Mahforouzi, archaeologist and head of excavation team in Gohar Tepe, said: “With discovery of urbanization clues belonging to the Iron Age, archaeologists have succeeded in finding answers to many questions which had been left open until now.”


According to Mahforouzi, during the final days of excavations in Gohar Tepe, archaeologists have discovered a 200-meter area containing large amount of clay remains and some kilns, which had never been seen before in any historical site of Mazandaran province. “Discovery of the remains of some residential settlements, most probably belonging to the pottery makers, in the area together with the kilns reveals the existence of urban life in the area some 5000 years ago,” added Mahforouzi.


Historical evidence shows that urbanization started in Gohar Tepe from the third millennium BCE with the migration of different ethnicities to the area. Unlike many other historic sites of Iran, urbanization in northern Iran does not begin with the Bronze Age; rather the urban life flourished in this area during the Iron Age.


Up until now, the remains of four kilns have been discovered in this 200-meter area. However, archaeologists believe that further excavations in this region would result in unearthing more kilns.


The historic site of Gohar Tepe is located in the eastern parts of Mazandaran province, north of Iran. Evidence shows that from 7000 years ago to the first millenniums BCE, large number of people lived in the region, enjoying an urban life since the third millennium BCE. Discovery of architectural structures as well as large numbers of graves with different burial methods observed in this region all point to the existence of continual life in this historic site during different periods of history.




Extracted From/Source: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.



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