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International Scientific Conference on Ancient Margiana Comes to End


19 November 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- The 3-day international scientific conference entitled "Ancient Margiana - New Center of World Civilization" finished in the town of Mary (Marv), in what is today known as the Turkmenistan. 


Leading experts from 15 states discussed the results of research conducted by the Margiana archaeological expedition led by Prof. Viktor Sarianidi and his new theory claiming that Margiana is the only Central Asian cradle of the ancient Eastern civilization. Sarianidi identified the Bactria-margiana complex as Indo-Iranian, going as far as to identify evidence of proto-Zoroastrian objects and rituals.

Summing up the scientific discourse, world-famous specialists noted that for scientists the forum marked the headstart to join efforts in reconstructing the true history of the Bronze Age. According to them, the Margiana excavations make one reconsider the established views on the ancient past of mankind and the place of ancient Iranian civilisation in the system of early civilizations on the planet.

Giving a speech on the last day of the conference, Prof. Sarianidi emphasized the results of archaeological researches of the last three years. In his opinion, the findings, including a cylinder-shaped seal with a cuneiform Shumer inscription, leave no doubts as regards the fact that ancient Iranian province of Margush was not an isolated oasis in the end of III - first half of II centuries BCE. It was rather in the orbit of international relations as a highly developed civilization. He also noted that further exploration of Margush promises new sensational discoveries.

Practically all speakers stressed the thesis that numerous monumental palaces and temples of the of Margush, splendid king's necropolis and ancient art works are clear evidence of the unknown center of ancient world civilization that existed there.

Noting the need for further detailed study of the historical heritage of Margiana, the scientists expressed confidence that even today there were no doubts that it could be referred to the ancient world civilizations.

The conference participants also supported the idea of continuing and strengthening close scientific cooperation.


The Margiana has attracted attention as a candidate for those looking for the material counterparts to the Indo-Iranians, a major branch that split off from the Proto-Indo-Europeans. The first agricultural settlements appeared in the delta of Murgab river as back as 7 millennium BCE. Fertile silt coming from mountains, abundance of water and moderate climate had created favourable conditions for good crops and the progress of the ancient economy was continuing for several centuries. 


Archaeological discoveries of the second half of 20th century. in the north what is today known as Afghanistan and Southern Turkmenistan gave exact proof for close relations between Margiana and Baktria. The Margiana country occupied an area of more than 3000 sq. Km and consisted of 78 oasis and more than 150 compact settlements.


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