The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Latest archaeological excavations and studies in the vicinity of
Burnt City (Shahr-e Sūkhtә) revealed that the historical-cultural domain of
this 5000-year-old prehistoric city spans over a 300,000 hectare area. This way,
the Burnt City has become known as the biggest prehistoric site of Iran-Proper.
excavations for identifying satellite villages in the vicinity of the Burnt City
led archaeologists into finding the historical-cultural domain of Burnt City as
it was in the ancient times. Based on latest studies in Burnt City historical
site, some 5000 years ago, when the city was at its peak of prosperity, the
cultural domain of Burnt City spanned over a 300,000 hectare area,” said
Alireza Khosravi, head of Cultural Heritage Center of the Burnt City.
this is the first time that a prehistoric city is reported to have had such a
vast area, archaeologists believe that Burnt City enjoyed the largest cultural
domain of all the prehistoric cities.
to Khosravi, the Cultural Heritage Centre of Burnt City has proposed official
registration of Burnt City’s historical-cultural domain. “Once registered,
the cultural landscape of Burnt City will increase up to a radius of 300,000
hectares,” added Khosravi.
of the main activities of the Cultural Heritage Centre of Burnt City is
identification and documentation of Burnt City’s satellite villages located on
nearby historic hills. “It is possible that the cultural domain of Burnt City
once spread for 40 kilometres from its central archaeological hill. This is
while until now archaeologists have succeeded in discovery of 330 satellite
villages located within a radius of 12 kilometres from the Burnt City,”
believes that the number of satellite hills in Burnt City might reach to 1500,
which will be a significant record in the number of satellite villages ever
found for a historic site.
10th season of archaeological excavations in Burnt City recently
opened up, engaging Iranian, Italian and French archaeologists. One decade of
research in Burnt city will come to an end by the end of this season of
excavations. The outcomes of scientific studies at this prehistoric site will
then be compiled in a book in which major archaeological findings of this
ancient site will be documented.
57 kilometres from the city of Zabol in Sistān va Baluchestān province,
southeast Iran, Burnt City is one of the most important prehistoric sites of the
country. Archaeological evidence of this old city proves that Burnt City was
well developed during the third millennium BCE.
30 years ago, Italians carried out some excavations in this historical site
which led to discovery of 40 satellite villages in the vicinity of Burnt City.
The excavations were then picked up by Iranian archaeologists who made some
valuable discoveries in this prehistoric site.
Based on the discoveries made in the region, it became evident that urbanization existed in Burnt City some 5000 years ago and that the city was the converging point of the great civilizations of mainland-Iran, Greater-Iran, Mesopotamia, India, and China in the ancient times.
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