The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Archaeologists of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department of
Būshehr province are about to start their excavations to identify historic
sites of the southern Iranian Island of Khārg (also Khārk), located in the
on the available historic accounts and archaeological evidence, about 14,000
years ago Khārg Island emerged from the depth of the Persian Gulf. The same
documents suggest the existence of human settlements on this island as far back
as the middle of third millennium BCE. Remaining evidence from different
historic periods, from the Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330 BCE) to the
post-Sasanian period, abounds in this Island.
of the team of archaeologists which is to scan the entire Island for historic
evidence, Hamid Zarei, said that the studies at Khārg Island aim to identify
and document all the archaeological and historical sites of the Island.
by the adjacent coastal Būshehr Province, Khārg Island provides a seaport for
the export of oil.
to Zarei, since Khārg Island alone accounts for 80 percent of the country’s
crude oil production export, it has always been a hot spot for oil companies and
thus the Island hosts the highest number of oil companies active in Iran.
However, he lamented that activities by these companies have resulted in the
destruction of some of the Island’s most ancient sites and said that the new
phase of excavations at Khārg Island hopes to prevent repetition of such
tragedies by identifying the existing historic sites of the Island.
to the economic importance of Khārg and the large amount of oil reserves in
this Island, the number of oil companies who choose this Persian Gulf Island as
their centre of activities is currently on the rise. This increases the
possibility of destruction of the region’s historic sites and highlights the
necessity for identifying those ancient sites in the shortest possible time.
Island is a continental island in the Persian Gulf is located 25 kilometres (16
miles) off the coast of mainland and 483 km (300 miles) north of the Strait of
Hormoz. It is only 4 kilometres across and 6 kilometres long.
Archaeologists are hoping to find traces of prehistoric dwellings in this Persian Gulf Island during their studies, which will begin shortly.
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