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Bolaghi Valley's 7000-Year-Old Kilns under Intense Protection


25 November 2006




LONDON, (CAIS - edited by Shapour Suren-Pahlav) -- The two ancient kilns, which had recently been relocated from the historic site of Bolaghi Valley to Pasargadae, are now under protective conditions by experts.


Assuring those concerned about the safety of the Bolaghi Valley clay kilns, Hassan Rāhsāz, director of the project to relocate the kilns, invited them to go to Pasargadae and closely observe the activities of the renovation experts.


According to Rāhsāz, the kilns are buttressed and wrapped with steel cables and are now kept in a protective liquid-filled chamber. He also said that a real size replica of the first kiln, which had been made prior to lifting it from the ground, is now placed next to the kilns to give a full impression of how these old structures look like.


A few months ago, a team of Iranian and German archaeologists at Bolaghi Valley discovered five ancient clay kilns, from which two were chosen to be transferred to the nearby historic site of Pasargadae. The kilns were found at a prehistoric settlement from the Bākūn culture (late 5th to early 4th millennium BCE) and are dated to sometime between 4000 and 5000 BCE.


The first kiln was successfully lifted from the ground in late August after two months of efforts and was immediately transferred to Pasargadae. It was the first time in the world that a fixed earthenware artifact with such a history was safely relocated. Two months later, experts succeeded in removing the second kiln, which was also transferred cautiously to Pasargadae.


Several groups are working on the Archaeological Rescue Excavations of the Bolaghi Valley, a project that has been implemented to study 130 archaeological sites before the reservoir of the Sivand Dam is filled and floods a large section of the area.


According to the latest announcements, inauguration of Sivand Dam by the Islamic Republic is scheduled to take place within the next four months, in which will destroy Iranian heritage in process.


It is certain that inundation of the Sivand Dam will drown major parts of Bolaghi Valley and 130 of its historical sites including a section of the Achaemenid' Imperial Road (Râh-e Shâhi); however considering the distance between this dam and the mausoleum of Cyrus the Great in Pasargadae, flooding of the dam though will not submerge the mausoleum of Cyrus the Great, but the humidity created by it will gradually destroy this revered ancient monument.

Sivand Dam is constructed by the Islamic Regime on the Sivand River in Bolaghi Valley historical site, which is located 9 kilometres from the world heritage site of Pasargadae in Fars province.


The choice of location for contracting a Dam by the regime, so close to Pasargadae, or construction of chemical factories in the vicinity of the ancient Bistun in Kermānshāh, railway close to Persepolis and Naqsh-e Rostam, Highway in Taq-e Bostan’s historical site or issuing licenses for mining operations in vicinity or under the Sasanian monuments are not accidental. The Islamic Republic's enmity towards anything Iranian, especially the pre-Islamic Iran is a prevalent knowledge.





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