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Evidence of 9000-Year-Old of Settlement Discovered in Qazvin Plain


26 November 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Archaeological excavations in Qazvin Plain which originally started with the aim of identifying pre-historic sites led into discovery of pieces of clays, possibly belonging to the 7th millennium BCE, buried in the lower geological layers of two ancient Tappehs (archaeological mounds) in this area.


Earlier this month, results of Carbon 14 tests on the clays and other historic evidence found on Tepe Zagheh (zāgé) in Qazvin revealed age of this prehistoric Tappeh to be 7500 years, 1500 years less than previously thought. However, it seems that the new discoveries have the potential to once again change all the old theories regarding the age of Qazvin Plain.


“The result of Carbon 14 tests made archaeologists ponder about the starting point of human settlement in Qazvin Plain and start excavations in two ancient Tappehs of Ebrahim Abad and Chaharboneh (čahārboné). The excavations resulted in the discovery of new types of earthenware never seen before,” said Hassan Fazeli Nashli, director of Iran’s Archaeology Research Center and head of the excavation team in Qazvin Plain.


According to Fazeli Nashli, the new discoveries were made underneath the archaeological layers which had previously been dated to the period of Zagheh, approximately 7200 years ago. This leaves archaeologists with no doubt that the new discoveries are from a period that preceded that of Zagheh.


“While there are abundant numbers of spinning-wheels in the ancient layers known as Zagheh, no such thing was found in these newly found layers. This tells us that we are most probably dealing with a period in which animals had still not been domesticated. These layers belong to a period within the Neolithic Age (7th-6th millennia BCE),” said head of the excavation team at Qazvin Plain.


“The discovered shards are estimated to have belonged to as far back as the 7th millennium BCE. However, this needs to be confirmed through Carbon 14 tests,” added Fazeli-Nashli.


The discovered fragmented clays were found on Ebrahim Abad Tappeh at a depth of 10.5 meters. The same discovery was also made on Chaharboneh Tappeh at a depth of 6 meters.


Known as the origin of human settlement in Iran’s Central Plateau, Qazvin Plain has always been the centre of archaeological activities. Tepe Zagheh is one of the oldest sites of this region in which evidence of pre-historic dwellings were found, suggesting that this ancient Tappeh was once a populated village, probably around 5500 BCE.




Extracted From/Source: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.



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