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5th Phase of Excavation in the Cradle of Civilisation Reveals More Secrets


01 October 2006




LONDON, (CAIS) -- A team consisted of Iranian and international archeologists will start the fifth season of excavations in Halil Rud region in Jiroft, Kerman province, from October/November under the supervision of Professor Yousof Majidzadeh, according to Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN).


“Some professional domestic and international archeologists from famous archeology research centers of the world will gathered in the area to join the fifth season of archeological excavations in northern and southern parts of Konar Sandal and the small fortress discovered in the area,” noted Nader Soleimani, archeologist from Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO).


Discovery of the second and most complete royal inscription in Jiroft’s Konar Sandal ziggurat during the previous season of excavation revealed the existence of civilizations in Jiroft as far back as the third millennium BCE.


According to Soleimani, discovery of an inscription dating back to the third millennium BCE, evidence of urbanization, as well as architectural remains of a fortress and a massive religious monument during the fourth season of archeological excavations in Jiroft historical site are among the most outstanding achievements of the previous excavation season which provide archeologists some valuable information about this important historical site.


This inscription was found in the discovered ziggurat in the northern part of Konar Sandal historical site and belongs to the first half of the third millennium BCE. The discovery made archeologists believe that Jiroft was the origin of Elamite written language in which the writing system developed first and was then spread across the country and reached Susa.


This ziggurat in which the inscription was found is one to three centuries older than the most ancient ziggurat in Mesopotamia. Considering all the historical evidence, it became evident that stone art was more developed in Iran compared to Mesopotamia.


Archeological studies on the coals gathered during excavations in Jiroft revealed that the surface layer of this historical site dates back to 2800 BCE. Besides, the geophysical studies by French experts in this historical site show the existence of 11 architectural layers beneath Konar Sandal ziggurat. Therefore, archeologists believe that Konar Sandal enjoys a history of more than 6000 years, and the discovered evidence shows the settlements of human beings in a region as vast as the Sumerian civilization in Mesopotamia.


The city of Jiroft in Kerman province is situated close to Halil Rud historical site on the basin of Halil Rood River. Historical evidence indicates that Jiroft enjoyed a rich civilization some 5000 years ago. Many stone and clay objects as well as other historical relics belonging to the third millennium BCE have been discovered during the excavations by archeologists. Numerous invaluable objects smuggled out by illegal diggers have also been found and confiscated while there are still more ancient artifacts left to be discovered in Jiroft. Some 120 historical sites have been identified so far in the 400 kilometer basin of Halil Rud River.


The historic evidence collected from Jiroft suggest that Jiroft’s civilization is more ancient than that of Mesopotamia which is commonly believed to have been home to the most ancient civilization of the world. With continuation of archeological studies in Konar Sandal ziggurat, archeologists are looking to find more evidence to prove this claim which would revolutionize the history of civilization.




Extracted From/Source: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.




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