Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
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of the World's Earliest Settlement Discovered in Ganj-Darreh
07 October 2006
photo of Ganj-Darreh near Harsin, Kermanshah province
(CAIS) -- World’s earliest traces of human
settlement have been found in Ganj-Darreh, one of the country’s most ancient
hills near the present-day Harsin in Kermanshah province.
Director of Kermanshah Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Department for
museums and historic sites, Ali Moradi Bisotouni, explained that visible traces
of early settlement in Ganj-Darreh bear evidence of Iran’s age-old
Moradi Bisotouni recalled, “The hill was excavated several times by a
non-Iranian archeologist Philip E. L. Smith in 1967, 1969, 1971 and 1974. His
studies indicated that there are six stratigraphic layers in the region dating
back to the Mousterian Era (Middle Paleolithic).“
He explained, “Adobes have been found in the area which were used to build
houses, reinforced with mud and straw.“
The discoveries signify that the houses did not have doors and that people
entered them through roofs. “The houses were built in two stories. People
lived in the top floor and used the bottom floor as their food storage.“
He named the objects discovered in Ganj-Darrah as mud objects, potteries, stone
tools, pestle and stone blades.
From/Source: Iran Daily
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