The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- An
agreement between the ICHTO, Sistan’s Soil and Water Co.
who are responsible for the construction of the Chāh-Nīmeh
IV Dam in Sistan va Baluchestan province, is being set
that the two historical monuments of the Tomb of Zoroaster
(Ārāmgāh-e Zartušt) and the Achaemenid Manor House
will be saved from submergence.
up the boundaries of the historical site of Dahān-e Gholāmān, has meant that
Sistan’s Soil and Water Co. will not include the protected area in their
artificial lake, which will be created after the inundation of the Char-Nimeh
dam”, announced Hassanali Shahraki, director of Sistanan va Baluchestan’
ICHTO (Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organisation).
their plan [dam-authority] would have drawn over 30% of Dahan-e Golaman
archaeological site; fortunately after numerous meetings with the
general-governor of Sistan va Baluchestan a change of plan was imposed”,
according to Shahraki.
concluded “the Chah-Nimeh IV Dam, located 60 km from Zabol will provide
drinking water for Zahedan, which has always been one of the main difficulties
for its’ inhabitants. Fortunately, with cooperation between the ICHTO,
provincial general-governor office and Sistan Soil and Water Co. the problem is
being resolved and the historical area will not be submerged, which once
was the provincial capital of ancient Sistan.
Gholaman (Slaves’ Opening) is an archaeological site located 72 kilometres
from Zabol in north of Zahedan, the modern provincial capital of Sistan va
Baluchestan near the border of Iran and what is today known as Afghanistan.
Gholaman was discovered in 1960 by Italian archaeologists and is considered to
be the second most important historical monument in the province after the
Parthian site of Kuh-e Khwajeh. The city was one of the most important
settlements, during the Achaemenid dynasty (550-330 BCE).
site is one of the very few known Achaemenid sites measuring 1,500x500 meters,
with a religious complex. It consists of buildings set up on high lands, above
agricultural lands in order to safeguard against threatening seasonal floods of
28 ancient monuments have already been identified by archaeologists at the site,
including the Zoroastrian great temple and praying centre known as the "the
Sacred Building or the Tomb of Zoroaster" with four two-storey watchtowers,
situated at the northwest of the site.
big monument located to the north of the city includes a central courtyard with
several chambers encircled by four multi-pillar verandas. The traces of fire are
quite evident on the three platforms standing in the central courtyard. A
staircase reached the platforms with a height of a little more than one meter.
city was eventually buried under a layer of flowing sand caused by a harsh wind
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