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A 3000-Year-Old Silver Goblet Discovered in Kuramar


13 September 2006




 Mohammad Reza Khalatbar, head of Kuramar Archeological Expedition

LONDON, (CAIS) -- Discovery of the grave of a woman in the 3000-year-old cemetery of Kuramar in Talesh, Gilan province, with its unique burial gift, has faced archeologists with a new phenomena. The discovered silver goblet in this grave which is very similar to that one of Xerxes, the Achaemenid king of kings, indicates that this woman must have belonged to a high ranking social class at her time.


“Just like the other graves in Kuramar cemetery, this one is also a four-layered stone grave. Due to the humidity in the area, only the head of the skeleton has remained almost intact and the other parts have decayed over time. Discovery of a silver goblet in this grave alongside other female adornments show that women may have had a high social status in this area some 3000 years ago,” said Mohammad Reza Khalatbari, head of the excavation team in Kuramar cemetery.


“The discovered vessel which bears the design of a reptile and head of a snake on its end is very similar to the goblet denoted to King Xerxes. The only difference is that this one is more ancient than that of Xerxes. Unfortunately, due to high level of humidity in the region, the goblet has been covered with a patina, topping it with a green and blue layer which should be cleaned up carefully” added Khalatbari.


A bronze bracelet with the design of a snake as well as earrings found beside the skull of the woman are among the other objects unearthed from this grave. The existence of some buttons in the grave indicates that the dead must have been buried with her clothes on.


Prior to this, during the first season of archeological excavations in Tul Talesh historical cemetery, archeologists had discovered a golden bracelet on which the phrase “Argishti offers” could be read in Urartian language, which showed that the discovered grave must have belonged to a woman of a high ranking social standing who had received the bracelet as a gift from Argishtis I, the sixth known king of the ancient country of Urartu who ruled from 785 to 763 BCE.


Talesh historical site in the northern Iranian province of Gilan is 350 hectares in area. The different kinds of graves found in the area which are dated from the first millennium BCE to the Parthian dynasty indicate the existence of continual life in this region.


Kuramar cemetery is located in the heights of Talesh in a village. Archeological findings and existence of enormous graves in which battle instruments have been found revealed that the area has witnessed many conflicts some 3000 years ago




Extracted From/Source: CHN

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.




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